Grant-in-Aid for Scientific Research (B)
|Research Institution||KYOTO TACHIBANA WOMEN'S UNIVERSITY|
後藤 靖 京都橘女大, 文学部, 教授 (10066516)
ASAO Naohiro Kyoto Tachibana Women's University, Faculty of Literature, Professor, 文学部, 教授 (20025018)
MURATA Michihito Osaka University, Faculty of Literature, Assistant Professor, 文学部, 助教授 (40144414)
MATSUO Takayoshi Kyoto Tachibana Women's University, Faculty of Literature, Professor, 文学部, 教授 (10027526)
YOKOTA Fuyuhiko Kyoto Tachibana Women's University, Faculty of Literature, Professor, 文学部, 教授 (70166883)
TABATA Yasuko Kyoto Tachibana Women's University, Faculty of Literature, Professor, 文学部, 教授 (20088016)
HOSOKAWA Ryoichi Kyoto Tachibana Women's University, Faculty of Literature, Professor, 文学部, 教授 (20219190)
|Project Fiscal Year
1996 – 1998
Completed(Fiscal Year 1998)
|Budget Amount *help
¥4,600,000 (Direct Cost : ¥4,600,000)
Fiscal Year 1998 : ¥700,000 (Direct Cost : ¥700,000)
Fiscal Year 1997 : ¥1,300,000 (Direct Cost : ¥1,300,000)
Fiscal Year 1996 : ¥2,600,000 (Direct Cost : ¥2,600,000)
|Keywords||manor under control of court nobles / local leader of the Go / group of civilian loyalist / estate under the direct control of the Imperial Court / 禁裏御料 / 郷土 / 草莽隊 / 公家領荘園 / 郷士 / 郷士制度 / 勤王隊 / 禁裏警護 / 京都町奉行所 / 御大典 / 山科郷 / 十津川郷 / 山科郷士制度 / 禁裏御料の郷士制度|
Investigation and classification of the primary documents related to the Yamashina Goshi and the local leadership as well as the transliteration of pertinent documents.
At first, the research team classified and collected available documents related to Yamashina Goshi, In the course of time, the documents of the Hiruta Family that produced local leaders among the Yamashina Goshi were donated to Kyoto Tachibana Women's University. The main sections of these documents were transliterated and published as our report.
(1)In the Middle Ages, Yamashina Go, the manor belonging to the Yamashina Family, was closely involved in the political and economical movements of the Kyoto Capital. Hino Tomiko, the consort of Ashikaga Yoshimasa, had a villa and Rennyo constructed Yamashina Honganji Temple in Yamashina Go. The central power of the Kyoto government made it possible for the rise of Sogo, an autonomy organized by the inhabitants of Yamashina Go in the later Middle Ages.
(2)In the Edo period, Yama
shina Go became Kinri goryo, an estate under the direct control of the Imperial Court in Kyoto. The former local leaders from Sogo were appointed to serve the Imperial Court as Goshi. The research team clarified certain aspect of the palace-guard service rendered by the Goshi and ordinary peasants from Yamashina Go and pointed out the exclusive post of shoya occupied by the Goshi. There was a distinctive change in the quality of Sogo in the early Middle Ages.
(3)At the time of the Meiji Restoration, the Yamashina Goshi organized a civilian loyalist party called the Yamashina-tai, that can be compared to similar loyalist parties, such as those of Yamakuni Go in Tanba Province and Totsugawa Go in Yamato Province.
The transfer of the capital to Tokyo and the national conscription system compelled the Yamashina Goshi to abandon their service in the Imperial Court, However, the self-confidence as Goshi remained unchangeable thereafter and they even presented a petition to attend the funeral rites for Emperor Meiji. The research team became aware through interviews with the oldest inhabitants of Yamashina district that certain manners and customs associated with the status of the Goshi families still remains.
(4) 東京遷都や徴兵制度にともなって禁裏郷士制度は廃止されるが、旧郷士身分の意識はその後も残り、明治天皇の葬儀への参列を求める願書を出したことなどの事実が発堀された.また山科地域の古老40人以上からの開き取り調査によって、なお郷士の家格にかかわる民俗が残されていることも判明した. Less