|Budget Amount *help
¥1,200,000 (Direct Cost : ¥1,200,000)
Fiscal Year 1997 : ¥500,000 (Direct Cost : ¥500,000)
Fiscal Year 1996 : ¥700,000 (Direct Cost : ¥700,000)
The purposes of this article are to investigate personal significance of remembered contents in the remembering of autobiographical memory, and to examine the change of remembered contents in the situation. In addition, to explore how much psychological knowledge is related to the constructed self in remembering. It is very difficult to use the positivistic method for accomplishing these purposes, so, we established another new method to overcome the difficulty. In this method, the investigator must (1) smuggle himself to the relationship between subject and investigator, (2) devote himself to the relationship, (3) describe the world of his physical level. These three active processes are reflected on the method of "integration and differentiation in remembering".
Three subjects remembered their own autobiographical memory in the joint remembering between subject and investigator. The remembered contents are described by investigator's integration and differentiation in remembering. The results of the joint remembering are following. (1) The past events of subject did not change, however, the subjective evaluation of the past events changed. (2) Subjects talked about their characteristics, and attributed their behavior to these characteristics. (3) Their psychological knowledge was integrated into their naive theory, and functioned as their situational knowledge.