Basic Research on Relationship between Zhongguo Guomin Dang (GMD) and Chinese Intellectuals
Grant-in-Aid for Scientific Research (C)
|Allocation Type||Single-year Grants|
|Research Institution||HIROSHIMA UNIVERSITY|
MIZUHA Nobuo Hiroshima Unv.Faculty of Integrated Arts and Sciences Assistant Professor, 総合科学部, 助教授 (50229712)
|Project Period (FY)
1996 – 1997
Completed(Fiscal Year 1997)
|Budget Amount *help
¥600,000 (Direct Cost : ¥600,000)
Fiscal Year 1997 : ¥600,000 (Direct Cost : ¥600,000)
|Keywords||Chinese Modern Intellectual / Zhongguo Guomin Dang / National integration / Luo Long-ji / Zhang Nai-qi / Shi Fu-liang / Ma Xu-lun / Li Ping-xin / 国民政府 / 戦時動員 / 中間団体 / リベラリスト / 中国民主同盟 / 中国民主促進会 / 中国共産党 / 民主建国会 / 中国近現代知識人|
A purpose of my research was general understanding regarding Chinese modern intellectuals. I obtained the following results.
Chinese modern intellectuals were distributed into three groups.
(A) The moderates : They opposed communism and were pro-America.
(B) The Independents : They oriented to reform with peaceful means, as far as possible. They tried to create diplomatic relations with both the US and the USSR.
They admitted the existence of communism and were liberal.
(C) The radicals. They aimed at a violent revolution with the pro-Communists.
They opposed individualism with the pro-Soviet Unions.
In more concrete terms, I analyzed Luo Long-ji at the time of the Nanjin Nationalist Government (1928-37). Then I made the next 2 points obvious, in comparison to members of the National Salvation Association (eadicals).
1. Luo Long-ji was a liberal based on an individualism.
2. The tought of Luo Long-ji sharply contrasted with "political tuttelage" policy of the CMD.
I analyzed Zhang Nai-qi at the time of the Anti-Japanese War (1937-45) and obtained the next two conclusions.
1. A hope of Zhang Nai-qi was to connect directly the individual with the nation. He tried to establish a strong government.
2. However, Zhang Nai-qi thought that the government is necessary for a democratic reformation.
I researched on Shi Fu-liang during the Civil War (1945-49). Simultaneously, I examined a criticism against Shi Fu-liang by Ma Xu-lun and Li Ping-xin. As a result, I understood the next 2 points.
1. Shi Fu-liang was a liberal. He insisted that a criticism against all power is necessary for him.
2. At that time, radicalism got strong in the cities. Chinese liberalism for that reason lost power.
Research Products (12results)