|Budget Amount *help
¥1,900,000 (Direct Cost : ¥1,900,000)
Fiscal Year 1998 : ¥500,000 (Direct Cost : ¥500,000)
Fiscal Year 1997 : ¥600,000 (Direct Cost : ¥600,000)
Fiscal Year 1996 : ¥800,000 (Direct Cost : ¥800,000)
1. Clay moulds of mirror have been excavated in more than 20 casting sites of Japan. In the ancient age, mirrors were produced in the government factory and aristcratic mansion. In the middle Age, Kyoto became to be the center of mirror production for private demand.
2. Ancient mirrors are made to imitate Tang-mirror. And their moulds were made by pressing its pattern to soft clay, In the 11th century, Japanized mirror was created. And their mold were made by daubing fine loam on a coarse mold and inscribing a design of flower, bird, scenery and so forth, on the surface of loam.
3. We investigated the tools to polish mirror, which are preserved in Himi Manicipal Museum, Toyama Prefecture, and gathered documents and drawings concerning mirror-polisher. The ancient metalworker made a mould, casted a metal, and polished mirrors. But in the middle age, the craftsmen, who were merely engaged in polishing mirrors, appeared.
4. Several excavated coppersiag were scientifically analized, and its composition of chemical elements became clear, In the ancient age, arcenic copper was most often used, and one of its mine is Mt. Naganobori, Yamaguchi Prefecture.