A Comparative Study on the Structure of Text of the Testaments written by German Citizenss in the 16th Century
Grant-in-Aid for Scientific Research (C)
|Allocation Type||Single-year Grants|
|Research Institution||HIROSHIMA UNIVERSITY|
ONO Mitsuyo Hiroshima University, Faculty of Integrated Arts & Sciences, Professor, 総合科学部, 教授 (40002985)
|Project Period (FY)
1996 – 1997
Completed(Fiscal Year 1997)
|Budget Amount *help
¥1,800,000 (Direct Cost : ¥1,800,000)
Fiscal Year 1997 : ¥700,000 (Direct Cost : ¥700,000)
Fiscal Year 1996 : ¥1,100,000 (Direct Cost : ¥1,100,000)
|Keywords||document / testament / German of modern times / textstructure / component of textstructure / middle classes / practical language / municipal documents / トルナヴァ資料体 / 16世紀市民層 / 近世ドイツ社会 / 初期新高ドイツ語 / 史的社会言語学 / 実用散文のテクスト構造 / 文書館資料|
It has been shown by this research that a lot ob testaments were written in the middle ages by the citizens living in German towns, and their testaments secured their private property.
The official documents of emperors, kings and popes consist of 3 section devided into 14 parts. According to the rules of a handbook of 14th century in Vienna, a testament must be required to have 11 items.
Various types of method for making of testament in the middle ages documents with seal, oral form for the town council, testament with his own hand, testamet of notary, "Offizialatsurkunde", canonical documents, registered testaments in the municipal documents. Each German town had different legal relationship, and so it had a different law for making of testament.
We can observe that there was a tendency of simplicity and contraction of items from documents to testaments. As a result of this contraction, the intention of its testators has been more clearly expressed.
Research Output (15results)