|Budget Amount *help
¥1,900,000 (Direct Cost : ¥1,900,000)
Fiscal Year 1998 : ¥600,000 (Direct Cost : ¥600,000)
Fiscal Year 1997 : ¥600,000 (Direct Cost : ¥600,000)
Fiscal Year 1996 : ¥700,000 (Direct Cost : ¥700,000)
I have examined the efforts of the European, Hungarian, Turkic. Manchu-Mongolian, and Japanese intellectuals towards the international trends of communication in the 19th Century Northern Eurasia. In order to clarify this theme. I have set up three language union areas, i.e. (1) Danubian Language Union. (2) Russian and Eurasian Language Union including Turkic linguistic areas. and (3) North China Language Union. The followings are the main results of my research.
1. The astronomer Kageyasu Takahasi (****. 1785 - 1829) was also a linguist. He tried to compile the Chinese-Manchu-Japanese trilingual dictionary, and compile the Chinese (or Japanese)-Manchu-Dutch-Russian cjuadrilingual dictionary as well, lie really desired to know the Western World. There are various kinds of polyglot dictionaries published in China, the Turkic areas. Hungary and Europe. We can examine and classify them according to the standpoint of their definite editing aims.
2. The grammar written by Kesingge (1888-1950)
. Monggul utga yin nokucel usug un ciqala yi jigagsan bicig (****) that was compiled in 1909-1911, was out-dated in the field of the 20th century Altaic Linguistics. But I estimate him in the sense that he tried to find out his way of description of his mother tongue. In other words, he found out how an agglutinative type of language can be examined. Therefore, the written manuscripts or the printed books written in Manchu and Mongolian in the 17th. 18th and 19th centuries are important to examine.
3. By the help of Grant-in-Aid for Scientific Research. I have compiled the following monographs(1) - (6).
(1) MURAYAMA Shichiro (1908-1995) Bibliography. Kyoto, 1997.
(2) The Budapest School. Kyoto, 1997.
(3) Tungusic, and the Languages of East Asia - Language Union in North China - Kyoto. 1998.
(4) A Study in the Turkic Philology. Kyoto, 1999.
(5) A Study in the Mongolian Buddhism. Kyoto, 1999.
(6) The Efforts of Intellectuals for the Modernization of Languages towards the International Trends of Communication in the 19th Century Northern Eurasia. Kyoto, 1999. Less