Grant-in-Aid for Scientific Research (C)
|Allocation Type||Single-year Grants|
|Research Institution||Ritsumeikan University|
SATOH Mitsuru(1998) Ritsumeikan Univ.College of Policy Science, Professor, 政策科学部, 教授 (00187246)
伊藤 光利 立命館大, 政策科学部, 教授 (00128646)
MIYAMOTO Taro Ritsumeikan Univ.College of Policy Science, Professor, 政策科学部, 助教授 (00229890)
MIZUGUCHI Norito Ritsumeikan Univ.College of Policy Science, Professor, 政策科学部, 教授 (60047371)
MURAYAMA Hiroshi Ritsumeikan Univ.College of Policy Science, Professor, 政策科学部, 教授 (50230016)
ITO Mitsutoshi Kobe Univ.Law Professor, 法学部, 教授 (00128646)
重森 臣広 立命館大学, 政策科学部, 助教授 (50235529)
佐藤 満 立命館大学, 政策科学部, 教授 (00187246)
|Project Period (FY)
1996 – 1998
Completed(Fiscal Year 1998)
|Budget Amount *help
¥2,000,000 (Direct Cost : ¥2,000,000)
Fiscal Year 1998 : ¥700,000 (Direct Cost : ¥700,000)
Fiscal Year 1997 : ¥600,000 (Direct Cost : ¥600,000)
Fiscal Year 1996 : ¥700,000 (Direct Cost : ¥700,000)
|Keywords||welfare / policy / local autonomy / local administration / administarative reform / political reform / communal attitude / political atiitude|
Inconclusion of this researth project, we were able to determine the following findings :
1. In Japan, people think decentralization and promotion of welfare are compatible though theoretically it has been understood that tbese are incampatible. The reason why people in Japan think so is, firstly, present welfare policy is different from what used to be. Five decades ago, welfare was an arena in which recipients were very limited, but now it has been extended to include the general public. Though this reason is somewhat universal, the second one is more unique in the Japanese political context. In Japan, decentralization does not mean financial autonomy of local governments but onlv means more power to local governments to do the jobs shared by both center and periphery.
2. In this context, the strategy of local governments is, market orientation, citizen participation and so called new public management.
3. Through our survey research, we found that people in local cities and towns recognize the daily life support of the aged is the job of localities but they do not consider it is a politically important issue. But in the very near future, this problem will become one of the most relevantissues.
4. The Swedish case of introduction of non-profit organizations into welfare provides a potential example fur future welfare policy of Japan.
5. In the policy formation process of welfare, the universal values of liberty, justice and equality interact with each other in a complicated manner.
6. We stund the process of administrative reform and decentralization now in progress in Japan and concluded that the lack of political leadership in Japan will make this reforme and decentralization difficult to accomplish.