Research on the Structure and Function of Participation and Communication Oriented Employee Representation Plan
Grant-in-Aid for Scientific Research (C)
|Research Institution||CHUO UNIVERSITY|
SEKIGUCHI Teiichi Chuo University, Faculty of Commerce, Professor, 商学部, 教授 (20138613)
|Project Fiscal Year
1996 – 1997
Completed(Fiscal Year 1997)
|Budget Amount *help
¥1,500,000 (Direct Cost : ¥1,500,000)
Fiscal Year 1997 : ¥400,000 (Direct Cost : ¥400,000)
Fiscal Year 1996 : ¥1,100,000 (Direct Cost : ¥1,100,000)
|Keywords||emplopyee representation / communication / participation / industrial relations system / Works Council / industrial relations in the U.S. / General Electric Co. / company union / 従業員代表制 / コミュニケーション / 従業員参加 / 労使関係システム / ワークス・カウンシル / アメリカ労使関係 / GE / 会社組合|
The period between the WWI and the Wagner Act was an era of Employee Representation Plan (ERP). In this period, hundreds of US manufacturing companies introduced various types of ERP into their shops and plants. Consequently, ERP became a major way of collective dealing in none-union sector firms.
However, quite a few of them had a substantial influence to the later development of industrial relattions in the US.These influential minority plans had a strong orientation towards inspiring rank and files commitment to production problems and adjustment of shop floor grievances. In the research, these influential minority plans are defined as "participation and communication oriented ERP".
The "participation and communication oriented ERP", originally formed by W.L.Mackenzie King and John D.Rockefeller Jr.at Colorado coal field, spread to huge manufacturing firms through industrial relations managers' network knitted around the Special Conference Committee (SCC).
Among the ERPs of the SCC com
panies, Works Council in General Electric Company (GE) had well developed participation and communication functions.
The Works Council was introduced and settled in as a result of the competition with the trade unions for the support of the rank and files. In this process, the two different communication-grievance settlement-employee participation systems competed each other for their effectiveness. By the end of the 1920s, the Works Council was accepted by the employees as an only realistic way of communication and grievance settlement in the Works. Without full and strong support of the Works management, however, the Works Council would have never gained enough support from the rank and files.
The Works Council could never be an effective alternative to the collective bargaining between the management and the unions. The Works Council's structure itself was not suitable for negotiations of two parties and the enforcement of the agreement between them. The fact about the formation process of the Works Council, not the IRP,reveals that the Works management did not intend to substitute the unions by the Works Council.
With all its effectiveness in communication and grievance settlement, the Works Council could survive only when the Works management was able to maintain the high standard of major working conditions like high wage level and relatively stable employment.
(5)こうしたWorks Councilmenの活動の結果、事業所内のコミュニケーションは活発化し、労使双方の相手方に対する理解が深まり、事業所コミュニティーの一体感を醸成した。加えて、Works Councilの協議を通じて、雇用や賃金などにかかわる暗黙の慣行の多くが明示的なルールに転化し、こうした慣行の適用を巡るトラブルを減少させた。さらに、Works Councilmenの職場活動の公式化は、Foremanの権限を限定し、職場の労使関係の近代化に貢献した。 Less
Research Output (3results)