KIDA Katsuyuki School of Engineering Science, Osaka University, Research Assist., 大学院・基礎工学研究科, 助手 (00271031)
OGURA Keiji School of Engineering Science, Osaka University, Prof., 大学院・基礎工学研究科, 教授 (70029007)
|Budget Amount *help
¥2,200,000 (Direct Cost : ¥2,200,000)
Fiscal Year 1997 : ¥500,000 (Direct Cost : ¥500,000)
Fiscal Year 1996 : ¥1,700,000 (Direct Cost : ¥1,700,000)
Fatigue strength of ceramics and ceramics-coated materials were studied in this study. Crack growth tests for alumina ceramics and silicon nitride ceramics were performed at both room and elevated temperature. The crack opening displacement was also measured during the tests. Then the crack growth characteristics of ceramics were discussed using these experimental data. The results obtained from this study are s follows.
1. The crack growth rate was found to decrease gradually with a further crack growth, and after some crack extension a crack stopped growing temporary in both ceramics materials.
2. It was found from the relationship between crack opening displacement and stress intensity factor that a crack opening level, Kop, increased with increase in the number of cycles. A little bit wide hysteresis was also observed in these relations. These hysteresis were thought to correspond with the effect of the particle bridging on the crack opening behavior. Furthermore, the compliance of s
ample varied discontinuously during a fatigue test.
3. Both the crack arrest mentioned the above and the variation on the compliance related to the influence of the particle bridging near the crack tip. The stress intensity factor at crack tip was reduced by subtracting the friction stress due to this bridging effect.
Next, fatigue tests for ceramics coating materials were conducted at both room and elevated temperature. The results for coating materials are as follows.
1. While the blasted sample at room temperature has a higher fatigue limit than the annealed sample at the same temperature, the alumina coated sample has a lower fatigue limit than the blasted sample.
2. Though the ceramics coated sample shows the elastic deformation at an early stage of fatigue life under a higher applied stress level, the plastic deformation increased with increase in the number of cycles at a middle stage of fatigue life. This behavior corresponded with the cyclic softening behavior of substrate. At a final stage of fatigue life the surface strain of the sample varied discontinuously. This means that the region with no strain due to the delamination among a coat material and a substrate appeared.
3. Under a lower applied stress level, the sample was under an elastic state at an early stage, and gradually showed the plastic deformation behavior. At a final stage of fatigue life, however, the plastic strain range of sample decreased with increasing the number of cycles. This means that a single main crack can only propagate under this condition.