Grant-in-Aid for Scientific Research (C)
|Allocation Type||Single-year Grants|
|Research Institution||Kobe University|
MORIYAMA Masakazu Kobe University, Research Center for Urban safety and Security, Associate Professor, 都市安全研究センター, 助教授 (70047405)
|Project Period (FY)
1996 – 1997
Completed(Fiscal Year 1997)
|Budget Amount *help
¥2,200,000 (Direct Cost : ¥2,200,000)
Fiscal Year 1997 : ¥600,000 (Direct Cost : ¥600,000)
Fiscal Year 1996 : ¥1,600,000 (Direct Cost : ¥1,600,000)
|Keywords||Climate / Klimatop / Kobe / Wind / Thermal environment / Remote sensing / 数値地図 / 気流 / 山谷風|
Maps of Klimatop, wind flow, thermal environment and atmospheric pollution in Kobe area were made for the purpose of the utilization to architectural and urban planning. Consequently, the planning of guideline was summarized from the results of climate analyzes.
(1) Analysis of Klimatop
The air temperature near the earth surface was estimate using the coefficients based on the NVI (Normalized Vegetation Index) image derived from Landsat TM data. The map of Klimatop was made estimating from the correlation between air temperature and NVI data.
(2) Analysis of wind flow
The wind field of Kobe area on the characteristics of the regional distribution and the function of air ventilation was analyzed using meteorological station data and air monitoring station data.
(3) Evaluation of thermal environment
The regional distribution of SET^<**> was calculated using the distribution data of air temperature, humidity, surface temperature and wind velocity. The air temperature, humidity and wind velocity were estimated from the both of the observatory data and the numerical calculation results. The surface temperature was calculated using the earth surface heat budget model, which air temperature as a known value.
(4) Pollution sourve data
Pollution loads from main road were considered from GIS database made by the municipal office.
(5) Climate analysis and planning guideline
Maps of climate analysis for Kobe City area and restoration area of Nagata district and Higashinada district were made, and the guideline was summarized.