A Computer Ethnology of 18th Century Criminal Cases of East Asia
Grant-in-Aid for international Scientific Research
|Allocation Type||Single-year Grants|
|Research Institution||National Museum of Ethnology|
SUGITA Shigeharu National Museum of Ethnology, Dept.of Research Development, Professor, 民族学開発センター, 教授 (40026042)
TANII Toshihiko Mie Univ., Faculty of Humanities and Social Sciences, Assis.Professor, 人文学部, 助教授 (00242470)
SHIMA Mutsuhiko Tohoku Univ., Faculty of Arts and Letters, Professor, 文学部, 教授 (30115406)
FUJIMOTO Yukio Toyama Univ., Faculty of Humanities, Professor, 人文学部, 教授 (70093458)
YAMAMOTO Tadashi NME,Dept.of Research, Development, Assistant, 民族学開発センター, 助手 (40262381)
ASAKURA Toshio NME,Dept.of Social Research, Assis.Professor, 民族社会研究部, 助教授 (40151021)
|Project Period (FY)
1997 – 1998
Completed(Fiscal Year 1998)
|Budget Amount *help
¥20,200,000 (Direct Cost : ¥20,200,000)
Fiscal Year 1998 : ¥9,000,000 (Direct Cost : ¥9,000,000)
Fiscal Year 1997 : ¥11,200,000 (Direct Cost : ¥11,200,000)
|Keywords||East Asia / Family & Kinship / Law / History / Computer Ethnology / 18th Century|
The purpose of the project is to delineate and compare the family and kinship structure in its socio-cultural context utilizing selected criminal cases and related legal codes. Since all of these data are in Chinese characters the project is also a pilot project for computerizing East Asian law in Chinese characters.
Some of the accomplishments of the project are as follows.
(1)Establishment a core criminal law database of four East Asian Countries.
(2)Criminal selection of primary sources for comparative studies.
(3)Acquisition of new and rare Chinese criminal cases of 18^<th> century not yet been published even in China. The original documents are in handwritten form and are stored in the National Archives in Peking that are not accessible to the general public.
(4)Creation of different level database :
1. The unanalyzed file for full text retrieval
2. Analyzed file with a set of broad categories common to all East Asian Countries for comparative inquiries
3. Special purpose data base with further analysis
(5)Development of new analysis categories for law.
(6)Review of Studies on kinship in China, Japan, Korea and Vietnam.
(7)Obtained new type of information about kinship which were unobtainable so far with other type of historical sources such as genealogies and household registry.
(8)Delineated those Chinese characters that cannot be computerized with the present Computer programs and developed coding system for these characters according to the international standard.
(9)Broke new ground for the studies of East Asian families, law, society and culture.
(10)And laid a firm foundation for continued research in the future for new type of studies in historical anthropology of law, and computer ethnology.
Research Products (1results)