小野 雅之 山形大学, 農学部, 助教授 (90224279)
TOYODA Hachihiro Associate Professor, 経済学部, 助教授 (90122192)
HASHIMOTO Takuji Professor, 経済学部, 教授 (90279399)
FUJITA Takehiro Associate Professor, 農学部, 講師 (70244663)
ONISHI Toshio Associate Professor, 農学部, 助教授 (90233212)
ONO Masayuki Associate Professor
|Budget Amount *help
¥10,600,000 (Direct Cost : ¥10,600,000)
Fiscal Year 1999 : ¥2,900,000 (Direct Cost : ¥2,900,000)
Fiscal Year 1998 : ¥3,700,000 (Direct Cost : ¥3,700,000)
Fiscal Year 1997 : ¥4,000,000 (Direct Cost : ¥4,000,000)
The outline of the result acquired through a joint research of Japan and China of the current year, which falls on in the final year, is as follows.
<The Research Of Urban Agriculture> The following were confirmed from the realities investigation, by the cooperation of Japan and China, of the production corps and the contract farmer. The process of the urban development 1)made the adjustment problem of development and the farmland maintenance remarkable, 2)made the agricultural management large-scale, specifically personalized and grouped supporters and made them to a private enterprise, producing the dependence for the labor for farming on the work away from home farmer and the dependence on an agricultural service organization. 3)It also produced the income increase and life improvement by manpower movement to a company. Along with the grasp of the above, the importance are 4)securing of farmland by coexistence of the agricultural land use and the city land use and the effective use,
the basic maintenance, quantitative securing of the agricultural engaging person and improvement of the quality, the pursuit of a various, attractive agricultural management, the introduction and spread of high technology, the improvement of agricultural technology, the construction of plural circulation system, the plan of versatile role and funciton use plan of city agriculture.
<The Research Of Production And Distribution System> The following problems and the necessities of elucidation were confirmed under a structural change in each distribution stage. Production Home : 1)A consolidated shipment system which has recently appeared in home. 2)The problem of vegetable by the excessive pursuit of economy. 3)The consolidated shipment system and the supporter. 4)Measures into which the homes of "outskirts vegetable" develops continuing.
Wholesale Market : 1)The function differentiation of the large area distribution type wholesale market which has dealings over "remote place vegetable" and the local distribution type wholesale market over "outskirts vegetable." 2)The withdrawal from wholesale market management of a government agency. 3)Organizing of the sales deputies to whom the dealings are consigned by "outskirts vegetable" home brokers in a wholesale market. 4)The movement of a new distribution subject to the business by which a load from a vegetable company is received, etc. 5)Those who establish a wholesale market, wholesalers, and supporters who correspond to brokers as well as wholesale traders. The elucidation of efficient dealing methods, and management and management system of the wholesale market. Retail : 1)The demand increase of stock raising and fishery processing goods. The diversification of the consumption from such as dining out and dining home with meal cooked outside at home. The extension of supermarkets and convenience stores. 2)The business conditions of the dependence for perishable foods on the consolidated city trading market (free market) and the government-run greens markets, and safety and hygiene problems of open-air sales. 3)The analysis of supermarket commodity procurement structure and the importance of the elucidation of the influence given to the distribution reorganization of the perishable foods including home-directly-connected distribution, etc. Less