Household Car Ownership Simulation Model-Demand for Clear-fuel Vehides-
Grant-in-Aid for International Scientific Research.
|Section||Joint Research .|
|Research Institution||KYOTO UNIVERSITY|
KITAMURA Ryuichi Kyoto Univ., Dept.of Civil Engr.Systems, Professor, 工学研究科, 教授 (60252467)
BUNCH David University of California,Davis, Institute, Associate
GOLOB Thomas Univ. of California Irvine, Inst. of Transp, Research S
陳 蔭三 西安公路交通大学, 校長
YAMAMOTO Toshiyuki KYOTO Univ., Dept.of Civil Engr.Systems, Research Associate, 工学研究科, 助手 (80273465)
FUJII Satoshi KYOTO Univ., Dept.of Civil Engr.Systems, Research Associate, 工学研究科, 助手 (80252469)
RECKER Wilfr Univ. of California Irvine, Inst. of Transp, Director a
YINSAU Cher Xi'an Haghway Univ.President
RECKER Wilfred W. Univ.of California Irvine, Inst.of Transp.Studies, Directora Professor
GOLOB Thomas F. Univ.of California Irvine, Inst.of Transp.Studies, Research Specialist
|Project Fiscal Year
1997 – 1998
Completed(Fiscal Year 1998)
|Budget Amount *help
¥7,200,000 (Direct Cost : ¥7,200,000)
Fiscal Year 1998 : ¥3,300,000 (Direct Cost : ¥3,300,000)
Fiscal Year 1997 : ¥3,900,000 (Direct Cost : ¥3,900,000)
|Keywords||Vehicle ownership / travel behavior analysis / heterogeraity / mode choice / hazard-hasef duration model / 自動車保有 / 交通行動分析 / 異質性 / 交通機関選択 / 生存時間解析 / 交通需要予測|
In this study, we analyzed the household vehicle ownership behavior based on the data set obtained by household survey conducted in Japan, United States, and China.
In Japan, the number of the vehicles owned by a household is limited, and its usage is competitive among household members. Simultaneous vehicle type and main driver choice models and models of vehicle miles traveled are developed, based on the recognition that vehicle type choice and the vehicle allocation to drivers are highly inter-related decisions. Also, a mode choice model is developed considering the exclusiveness in the usage of the vehicle at a time.
In U.S., Multi-car households are popular, and the households change their fleet by replacing one by one. Thus, the successive transactions are not independent, but highly inter-related. The transactions are also affected by the changes in household attributes. We analyzed the households vehicle transactions behavior considering the effects of the preceding transaction and the changes in household attributes.
China is in earlier stages of motorization now. Household vehicle ownership behavior in these stages is governed by not only economic but also psychological and sociological factors, because the circumstances around the vehicle is unstable and the consumers have no experiences owning a vehicle.
The study-proposed a concept of "symbolic utility", which refers to psychological satisfaction from vehicle ownership. Based on analyzing the causal structure among attitudes towards vehicle ownership, a model system is developed.
Research Output (9results)