AKIM JUDITH ミドルテネシー州立大学看護学科, 学科長
猪熊 京子 東京女子医科大学, 病院・看護部, 婦長
HISATA Mituru TOKYO WOMEN'S MEDICAL COLLEGE SCHOOL OF NURSING, ASSOCIATE PROFESSOR, 看護学部, 助教授 (50211503)
中川 禮子 東京女子医科大学看護短期大学, 助教授 (90269431)
SATOU Noriko TOKYO WOMEN'S MEDICAL COLLEGE SCHOOL OF NURSING, ASSOCIATE PROFESSOR, 看護学部, 助教授 (80269430)
WAKIM Judith ミドルテネシー州立大学, 看護学部, 教授
TERAMACHI Yuuko TOKYO WOMEN'S MEDICAL COLLEGE SCHOOL OF NURSING, PROFESSOR, 看護学部, 教授 (30188685)
NOZOE Miki TOKYO WOMEN'S MEDICAL COLLEGE SCHOOL OF NURSING, ASSISTANT PROFESSOR, 看護学部, 講師 (10307647)
JUDITH H.Wakim MIDDLE TENNESSEE STATE UNIVERSITY,DEPARTMENT OF NURSING, PROFESSOR
|Budget Amount *help
¥4,000,000 (Direct Cost : ¥4,000,000)
Fiscal Year 1998 : ¥1,900,000 (Direct Cost : ¥1,900,000)
Fiscal Year 1997 : ¥2,100,000 (Direct Cost : ¥2,100,000)
The research method was slightly changed because there was a few data from the United States in the previous study. The questionnaire was developed instead of interviewing, so that we could continue to analyze the data, the clients had no fatigues answering the less number of questions than the previous one, translation of the questionnaire between Japanese and American English was checked, and research institutions were widely selected within Japan. As the result, the questionnaire has 45 questions, instead of previous 96 ones. Kolcaba identified three levels of comfort, (A) reduction, of discomfort, (B) placing the person at ease, (C) assisting the person to strengthen his or her own health status, and the number of questions at each level were 12, 21, and 12 questions.
Time and length of the research : From April to June, 1999 in Japan, and September, 1999 in the United States.
Results : Subjects were 1031 Japanese and 65 American people. Results were as followings ;
1. The high score of the degree of importance was all in the A level, reduction of discomfort, on the other hand, the low score of one was "talked to you about the possibility of dying" both Japan and the United States. This result was different from first report because there were different background within the United States.
2. Different from Japanese, the American people felt that C level, assisting the person to strengthen his or her own health status, was more important degree than the A level. This could be explained that American people would need educational contents because of short hospital stay in the United States. The average of the C level was 0.05 in Japan, so that this was also important for the Japanese people, and Japanese nurses would consider this in the future.
As the results, the nurses have to recognize the clients' needs, especially the clients health problem in complex society, and to increase the level of quality of life for the clients.