Grant-in-Aid for Scientific Research (B).
|Research Institution||Waseda University|
YORIMOTO Katsumi Waseda University, School of Political and Economics, Professor, 政治経済学部, 教授 (80063709)
小松崎 清介 東京情報大学, 経営情報学部, 教授 (80205509)
ICHINOSE Tomoji ISHINOMAKI SENSHU University, Faculty of Business Administration, Dean, 経営学部, 教授 (70052199)
WADA Naohisa FUKUI Prefectural University, Faculty of Economics, Associate Professor, 経済学部, 助教授 (30264683)
TANAKA Masaru National Institute of Public Health, Department of Waste Management Engineering, Director, 廃棄物工学部, 部長 (50106225)
和田 英樹 (株)廃棄物政策研究所, 主任研究員
TANAKA Atsuhiko TOYO GAKUEN University, Faculty of Humanities, Professor, 人文学部, 教授 (50255212)
西村 光平 石巻専修大学, 経営学部, 助教授
WADA Hideki Waseda Policy Institute, Senior Reseaarcher
|Project Fiscal Year
1997 – 1999
Completed(Fiscal Year 1999)
|Budget Amount *help
¥10,800,000 (Direct Cost : ¥10,800,000)
Fiscal Year 1999 : ¥1,800,000 (Direct Cost : ¥1,800,000)
Fiscal Year 1998 : ¥3,600,000 (Direct Cost : ¥3,600,000)
Fiscal Year 1997 : ¥5,400,000 (Direct Cost : ¥5,400,000)
|Keywords||waste / recycling / ODA / developing countries / Basel convention / ごみ / リサイクル / 開発途上国 / バーゼル条約 / OAD|
It becomes more important to obtain demands of recyclables, according to the increase of amount of collected recyclables. While to extend domestic demands is important, the importance of intenational demands are just beginning to be indicate. This research studied on any possibilities of exporting recyclables and contributing developments to developing countries under some public policies.
In the first year, investigation on the actual conditions of recycling and waste management in some developing countries was made. Waste management governments are anxious to improve the sanitary lebel, and have little attention on recycling. On the other hand, economic development governments have strong motivations to obtain good quality industrial resources with low price for thir economic developments. Thus, the developing countries have any possibilities to import recyclables.
In the second year, establishing a system for exporting recyclables was discussed. Waste paper processors are obliged to s
upply their recyclables to their client, paper mil companies, so that they do not afford to export them. On the other hand, some waste management companies have begun businesses to collect waste paper from offices according to offices's request. They do not have any strong connnections with paper mil companies, compared with traditional waste paper processors. A case study to export waste paper to a developing country was proposed by a waste management. Company with support of a great transportation company. The case study found out that the exporting project would be profitable, but obtaining a harbor facility for exporting waste paper is difficult.
In the last year, framework of desirable public policies was discussed. There is a risk to let private company freely to export and import recyclables. This is proofed by an event to export waste paper from Japan to Philipines with infected waste. If the exported recyclables have high qualities, some one would think them as wastes. Here, some kinds of public policies are storongly needed.
It is not good only to export recyclables to developing countries, as if they are a way of waste disposal. Through export of recyclbles, mutual understandings, imports of recycled products and ODA are necessary as a public policy. Less