Grant-in-Aid for Scientific Research (B)
|Allocation Type||Single-year Grants|
|Research Institution||TOKYO METOROPOLITAN UNIVERSITY|
MOCHIZUKI Kiyoshi Tokyo Metropolitan University, Faculty of Sci., Prof., 大学院・理学研究科, 教授 (80026773)
KURATA Kazuhiro Tokyo Metropolitan University, Faculty of Sci., Associate Prof., 大学院・理学研究科, 助教授 (10186489)
SAKAI Makoto Tokyo Metropolitan University, Faculty of Sci., Prof., 大学院・理学研究科, 教授 (70016129)
ISHII Hitoshi Tokyo Metropolitan University, Faculty of Sci., Prof., 大学院・理学研究科, 教授 (70102887)
SUZUKI Ryuichi Kokushikan U., Faculty of Eng., Asso. Prof., 工学部, 助教授 (00226573)
KAWANAGO Tadashi Shizuoka U., Faculty of Eng., Associate Prof., 工学部, 助教授
肥田野 久二男 東京都立大学, 大学院・理学研究科, 助手 (00285090)
|Project Period (FY)
1997 – 1999
Completed(Fiscal Year 1999)
|Budget Amount *help
¥8,000,000 (Direct Cost : ¥8,000,000)
Fiscal Year 1999 : ¥2,800,000 (Direct Cost : ¥2,800,000)
Fiscal Year 1998 : ¥2,400,000 (Direct Cost : ¥2,400,000)
Fiscal Year 1997 : ¥2,800,000 (Direct Cost : ¥2,800,000)
|Keywords||localized dissipation near infinity / Degenerate parabolic equation / Kirchhoff equation / Sturm-Liouvill operator / Schrodinger operator / Hamilton-Jacobi equation / Hele-Shaw fluid / bifurcation phenomena / KPP方程式 / Sturm-Liouville作用素 / Hale-Shaw流 / Fefferman-Phong不等式 / 非線形散乱 / 解の爆発 / 反応拡散方程式 / Ginzburg-Landau方程式 / エネルギー減衰 / Life-span / 波動方程式 / KcrichhoH方程式 / 追化放物型方程式 / 爆発問題 / 漸近挙動|
Among various kind of problems on differential equations, in this project, we are mainly concerned with those related to the Applied Mathematics, Physics and Technology. Summarizing the results obtained by the investigators in the period 1997-99, we can say that the objective of this project is accomplished fruitfully.
The head investigator published 9 papers analyzing the nonlinear waves and nonlinear diffusions. The topics include the following:
(1) Decay and asymptotics of nonlinear waves: The existence of the scattering state is proved for acoustic wave equations with nonlinear dissipation. The existence of global small solution and its energy decay are established for the Kirchhoff equation (describing the vibration of elastic string) with dissipation localized near infinity.
(2) Semilinear or quasilinear degenerate parabolic equations: Reaction diffusion systems with nonlinear power source term are considered. The critical exponents which divide the blow-up and global existence of s
olutions are shown to exist. Moreover, the critical blow-up, life span of blow-up solutions and the asymptotic behavior for time goes to infinity of global solutions are proved. Similar results are also obtained for the quasilinear equations describing fluids in porous media and combustion process in plasma.
(3) Spectral and scattering theory: A new formulation and results are obtained for the spectral inverse problem for the classical Sturm-Liouville operator. Scattering theory is established for the wave equation with small dissipation or hoarding. Moreover, by generalizing the former results, we expanded the applicability of the principle of limiting absorption for the Schrodinger operator oscillating long-range potential.
Each investigator developed many important nonlinear problems, among which are included e.g., homogenization of the Hamilton-Jacobi equation, free boundary problem of Hele-Shaw flow, variational problems, stability of Navier-Stokes equations and nonlinear scattering. Less