MIYAWAKI Masaru Hokkaido Univ., Facu.of Eng., Research Associate, 工学部, 助手 (30280845)
OKAZAKI Atsuyuki Tokyo Metropolitan Univ., Facu.of Eng., Research Associate, 工学部, 助手 (10281247)
MISHIMA Nobuo Saga Univ., Facu.of Science and Eng., Lecturer, 工学部, 専任講師 (60281200)
YAMAZAKI Masafumi Ritsumeikan Univ., Science & Eng., Associate Professor, 理工学部, 助教授 (40109038)
NAKAI Norihiro Tokyo Institute of Technology, Dept.of Social Eng, Associate Professor, 工学部, 助教授 (80207711)
|Budget Amount *help
¥8,100,000 (Direct Cost : ¥8,100,000)
Fiscal Year 1998 : ¥3,200,000 (Direct Cost : ¥3,200,000)
Fiscal Year 1997 : ¥4,900,000 (Direct Cost : ¥4,900,000)
We have conducted a very close comparative study on the landscape control measures in major western countries, namely UK, France, Germany, Austria, Italy, USA and Canada, including study on the actual implementation in several metropolises such as London, Paris, Vienna, Stuttgart, Rome, Boston, San Francisco, Vancouver, Montreal.
We concluded that, one, in most countries, standard city planning mechanism has already prepared detail control affecting townscape and landscape, two, historic preservation is one of the main driving forth to promote design control, three, they have surveyed to compile very minute information regarding each building in the area in order to supply enough information for the design and technical advice to the residents.
In recent years, design control in much wider perspective such as view protection of historic monuments surrounding mountains, and historic farmlands in the suburbs. At the same time, land use plan from the ecological and nature preservation point of view is emerging in some countries like Germany, and coordination between conventional land use plan in a planning mechanism and emerging idea of landscape based land use control becomes one of the most sensitive issues in planning.
In addition to that viewpoint, greater attention is being paid on rural conservation in conjunction with urban skyline control as well as preservation of agriculture.
At the same time, we have conduction interview survey to draw a clearer picture of the public participation mechanism in landscape control. The survey shows that discretional decision about the design control is highly based on the detailed planning control.
Finally, landscape control measures in most countries seems to be a rather experimental stage, though the mechanism they have apply looks standardized.