Woman Painter in her Atelier
Grant-in-Aid for Scientific Research (C)
|Research Institution||Kyushu Institute of Design|
YONEMURA Noriko Faculty of Design, Kyushu Institute of Design, Associate professor, 芸術工学部, 助教授 (30243976)
|Project Fiscal Year
1997 – 1998
Completed(Fiscal Year 1998)
|Budget Amount *help
¥1,800,000 (Direct Cost : ¥1,800,000)
Fiscal Year 1998 : ¥500,000 (Direct Cost : ¥500,000)
Fiscal Year 1997 : ¥1,300,000 (Direct Cost : ¥1,300,000)
|Keywords||Berthe Morisot / Mary Cassatt / Marie Bashkirtseff / woman painter / atelier / Impressionism / ベルト・モリゾ / メアリ・カサット / マリー・バシュキルツェフ / 女性画家 / アトリエ / 印象派 / ジェンダー / ローザ・ボヌール / マリ-・バシュキルツェフ / ロ-ザ・ボヌ-ル|
Griselda Pollock's 'Modernity and the spaces of femininity' (1988) made a breakthrough in the feminism art history with its attempt to deconstruct binary positions of male/female, looking/being seen. But at the end of the paper, Pollock suggests that women function as subjects of their own looking among the member of same sex, and therefore she is criticized as reintroducing binarism. The purpose of this research project is, focusing on the space of an atelier where the polarity of looking/being seen was observed remarkably, to define the character of the woman painter's gaze, and thereby to examine and survey 'the spaces of femininity' from the different point of view from Pollock.
1) collecting documents (letters and diaries by not only woman Impressionists such as Berthe Morisot and Mary Cassatt, but also woman painters of Academic inclination, and their biography and other data).
2) collecting visual images (pictures, prints and photographs) of/by woman painters of modern era, in both an atelier of their own and an atelier for woman students ; and building their image database.
1) collecting documents and visual images of woman painter's atelier, and building their visual database continued.
2) examining the self-image of woman painters through their representation in visual images.
As an interesting case study, I researched Russian-origin, French-based painter and diarist Marie Bashikirtseff, who has not been introduced into Japan.
As for Bashkirtseff, a paper titled 'Painting/Writing Woman : Marie Bashkirtseff and Feminist Art History' will be published in Woman and Modern Period (Keiso-Shobo, to be published within 2000).
In the report for this research project, starting from the photography of Morisot in her atelier (appeared in above mentioned Pollock's paper), I examined the problems on the 'spaces of femininity' from the viewpoint of woman painter in atelier and proposed a new way of avoiding Pollock's binarism.
Research Output (2results)