|Budget Amount *help
¥1,800,000 (Direct Cost : ¥1,800,000)
Fiscal Year 1998 : ¥900,000 (Direct Cost : ¥900,000)
Fiscal Year 1997 : ¥900,000 (Direct Cost : ¥900,000)
In 1990's There has been many efforts being made toward ending discrimination on the ground of disability around the world, This particular project attempts to make a comparative study on disability policies, especially, focusing on the anti-discrimination legislation for disabled people.
During the UN Decade of Disabled Persons, 1983-1992, disability policies changed significantly in the Western societies, especially in English speaking countries. The results of this project are following points ;
(1) Since the adoption of the UN Standard Rules on the Equalization of Opportunities for Persons with Disabilities in 1993, the international community took a decisive step toward the recognition of the human rights of persons with disabilities.
(2) In the English speaking countries, North America, Australia, the United Kingdom and so on, law forms the fundamental framework from which mechanisms for equality of opportunity can be established. The Americans with Disability Act of 1990 in North America, the Disability Discrimination Act 1992 in Australia, the Disability Discrimination Act 1995 in the U.K.has been passed through each parliaments in order to eliminate discrimination against persons on the ground of disability.
(3) In Canada and New Zealand, legislations on human rights refer to the rights of persons with disability within the general legislation.
(4) In the Asia and Pacific region the new Decade of Disabled Persons, 1993-2002, has started. In the Phillippinges the significant law for disabled persons, the Magna Carta for Disabled Persons, was passed.
(5) Among the developing countries, South Africa has a new employment legislation concerning the disability.
The Acts are analyzed from the view points of comparative sociology. It becomes clear that these legislations provide for the legal measures ending the discrimination on the ground of disability and integration of persons with disability into the mainstream of society and for other purposes.