|Budget Amount *help
¥2,900,000 (Direct Cost : ¥2,900,000)
Fiscal Year 1998 : ¥1,200,000 (Direct Cost : ¥1,200,000)
Fiscal Year 1997 : ¥1,700,000 (Direct Cost : ¥1,700,000)
1. [Comparative study] : OECD has launched a program of studies on the theme of transition from school to adult life for young people with disabilities and said that "coming of age" could be observed in four main areas of life ; a)personal autonomy and independence, b)productive activity, c)social interaction, community participation, recreational and leisure activities, and d)roles within the family. In Northern Europe, where 18-year-old is regarded as "coming of age", there are several transition services to provide adequate informations and to help self-decision-making from 14 or 15-year-old until 24 or 25-year-old.
2. [Positive study] : Five researches have been done ; a)a questionnaire on local policies of upper secondary education of special schools to 47 prefectual and 12 municipal boards of education(52 answers, 88.1%), b)a study on postgraduate courses of upper secondary departments of seven private special schools, c)a questionnaire on transition service system of 539 special schools(358 answers, 66.4%), d)a research on transition service system of four special schools for children with intellectual handicapps in Tottori prefecture, e)a research on vocational education and training services for the handicapped youth in Japan.
3. [Conclusion] : In Japan, where career guidance at school attaches importance to vocational guidance and job-matching, upper secondary education of special school including postgraduate course should be filled up more as adolescent education to support successful transition from school. to adult life for youth with disabilities.