|Budget Amount *help
¥3,400,000 (Direct Cost : ¥3,400,000)
Fiscal Year 1998 : ¥500,000 (Direct Cost : ¥500,000)
Fiscal Year 1997 : ¥2,900,000 (Direct Cost : ¥2,900,000)
This study lies in pointing out the problem concerning the social consciousness and the idea of the social reform of the parisiens artisans in the 19th century. According to W.H.Sewell jr., the artisans of Paris or Lyon developed, after the July 1830 revolution, a new political and organizational language, by embracing the liberal language. and also. modifying the liberal revolutionary discourse. In doing so. they transformed their coporate understanding of labor into class consciousness. As for the idea of the social reform, they adopted the formula of the socialism : association (societe cooperative de production). How did the artisans embrace and modify the language and the formula of the republicans and the socialists.? L'Artisan, a laborer newspaper, affirmed :
"La classe la plus nombreuse et la plus utile de la socete est, sans contredit, la classes ouvriere" . It is according to the concept of labor that they modified the, saintsimonians' language by adding an expression "la plus utile". This is because they were the skilled workers who understand well the value of their labor, It is the artisans who developed the French labor movement after the July 1830 revolution. Publishing a number of pamphlets and several newspapers by themselves-L'Artisan, La Ruche Populaire, L'Union and so on-they posed the social problems and the idea of social reform.
In their discourse, they adopted lots of expressions of the republicans and specially those of the socialists. They did not. however, accept the terminology of the thinker just as it is, but reconsidered and modified it acceding to the view of labor of the skilled workers.