|Budget Amount *help
¥2,100,000 (Direct Cost : ¥2,100,000)
Fiscal Year 1998 : ¥200,000 (Direct Cost : ¥200,000)
Fiscal Year 1997 : ¥1,900,000 (Direct Cost : ¥1,900,000)
Jean-Jacques Rousseau exerted a great influence over English novelists in the late 1790s and early 1800s. The novels in this period were shot through with explicit references and allusions to his Julie, ou la Nouvelle Heloise (1761) and Emile, ou de l'education (1762) whose influence began to be felt more strongly in the late 1780s and 1790s. Rousseau has been either praised or accused for his most widely disparate beliefs, intentions, and practices. Jacbins such as William Godwin, Charlotte Smith and Mary Hays, for example, approved of Rousseau for his glorification of the sentiments, his doctrine of the emancipation of the emotions, while anti-Jacobins such as Jane West, Charles Lloyd, and Hannah More attacked him for promoting dangerous moral elativism, arousing unruly energies, and fostering radical individualism. In order to pursue my research, I ordered the books which were out of print, for example, Eliza Fenwick's Secrecy (1795), Isaac D'Israeri's yaurien (1797), George Walker's The Vagabond (1799), Cahrles Lucus's Infernal Quixote (1800), Elizabeth Hamilton's Memoirs of Modern Philosophers (1800), Sydney Owenson's St Clair (1803), and E.S.Barrett's The Heroine (1813) from the British Library in the form of microfish. I illustrated first how above-mentioned novelists reacted to Rousseau, and then I proved that Rousseau's works provided the novels in the Romantic Age, especially sentimental novels with the underlying structures, themes, situations, and catch-words. And I also suggested that novels in the late 1790s and early 1800s were characteristically linked by what might broadly be termed 'an intertextual relationship' mediated through Rousseau.