Grant-in-Aid for Scientific Research (C).
|Research Institution||HITOTSUBASHI UNIVERSITY|
SUZUMURA Kotaro HITOTSUBASHI UNIVERSITY, INSTITUTE OF ECONOMICS RESEARCH, PROFESSOR, 経済研究所, 教授 (00017550)
|Project Fiscal Year
1997 – 2000
Completed(Fiscal Year 2000)
|Budget Amount *help
¥3,500,000 (Direct Cost : ¥3,500,000)
Fiscal Year 2000 : ¥900,000 (Direct Cost : ¥900,000)
Fiscal Year 1999 : ¥800,000 (Direct Cost : ¥800,000)
Fiscal Year 1998 : ¥800,000 (Direct Cost : ¥800,000)
Fiscal Year 1997 : ¥1,000,000 (Direct Cost : ¥1,000,000)
|Keywords||Welfarism / Procedural Fairness / Rights and Liberty / Intrinsic Value of Opportunity / Intrinsic Value of Procedure / Consequentialism / Non-Consequentialism / Deontology / 厚生主義 / 手続き的衡平性 / 権利と自由 / 機会の内在的価値 / 手続きの内在的価値 / 帰結主義 / 非帰結主義 / 義務論 / 紛争処理メカニズム / 二国間主義 / 多国間主義 / 厚生経済学 / 社会的選択の理論 / 自由主義的権利 / リベラル・パラドックス|
Traditional normative economics has been developed on the informational basis which is restrictive in three distinct senses.
1. Welfarism : In evaluating the performance of an economic system, traditional normative economics has focussed its attention exclusively on the consequences generated by the economic system in question, and that the evaluation of consequences has been conducted in terms of welfares people enjoy from these consequences, thereby neglecting the non-welfaristic characteristics of consequences and the non-consequential characteristics of opportunities and procedures.
2. Ordinalism : In evaluating the consequences of an economic system in terms of welfares people enjoy from these consequences, it is assumed that welfares are ordinal in nature, thereby neglecting cardinal importance of welfares altogether.
3. Interpersonal Non-Comparability : Not only are welfares deemed ordinal, but also they are deemed interpersonally non-comparable.
There are already several attem
pts in the literature to go beyond 2. and 3., viz., to ask what kind of theoretical progress we can attain by permitting cardinality of individual welfares and/or interpersonal comparability of individual welfares. This project was an attempt to go beyond 1., viz., to ask what kind of theoretical progress we can attain by going beyond the boundary of welfarist-consequentialism or even beyond consequentialism as such. We have provided some persuasive reasons to go along these unfamiliar avenues. We have also shown that we can still conduct rigorous theoretical analysis even outside the well-cultivated territory of welfarist-consequentialism. In concrete terms, we have established the following results :
(a) We have provided a neat axiomatization of the concept of consequentialism and non-consequentialism.
(b) We have shown that the Arrovian impossibility theorem on the democratic and rational social choice can be dissipated if we go beyond welfarist-consequentialism.
(c) We have shown that the intrinsic value of procedures can be properly taken into consideration and the Rawlsian concept of pure procedural justice can be neatly analysed in theoretical depth.
(d) We have suggested that these novel approach open a new passage towards an illuminating analysis of such concrete economic institutions as GATT/WTO regime. Less