|Budget Amount *help
¥1,400,000 (Direct Cost : ¥1,400,000)
Fiscal Year 1998 : ¥500,000 (Direct Cost : ¥500,000)
Fiscal Year 1997 : ¥900,000 (Direct Cost : ¥900,000)
It was our fundamental motive of this research that the analysis of university behavior in a market context is an insufficiently researched area in economics. The main results obtained from our theoretical and empirical researches in a competitive framework are as follows :
1. The competitive market framework proves basically useful for the economic analysis of behavior of university organization. In particular, it is the case for analyses of demand and supply of university education, behavior of faculty, efficient resource allocation in production of multi-products of a university.
2. However, the non-profit status and the differences in roles of fund providers, i.e., students, state and local governments, and donors, introduce special features (zero-sum resource allocation, cross-subsidization, etc.) into any competitive structure.
3. The demand behavior for university education can be basically explained in the competitive market framework (e.g., human capital theory), but the present increasing demand in Japan has been partly caused by the information gap, i.e., lag in general cognition of changes in industrial structure, and has resulted in the allocative loss in both social and individual resources.
4. The appraisal of insufficient performance about Japanese universities is likely to be attributed to the institutional reasons, i.e., autonomy of departments, guarantee of faculty status, in particular.
5. An important remedy for the performance is to be publicity of information about the activities of each university and department on the basis of comparable standards.