Deoxidaton of Rare Earth Metals by Halide Flux Treatmwent
Grant-in-Aid for Scientific Research (C)
Metal making engineering
|Research Institution||Nagoya University|
FUJISAWA Toshiharu Research Center for Advanced Waste and Emission Management, Nagoya Univ., Professor, 難処理人工物研究センター, 教授 (20115629)
|Project Fiscal Year
1997 – 1998
Completed(Fiscal Year 1998)
|Budget Amount *help
¥3,800,000 (Direct Cost : ¥3,800,000)
Fiscal Year 1998 : ¥1,300,000 (Direct Cost : ¥1,300,000)
Fiscal Year 1997 : ¥2,500,000 (Direct Cost : ¥2,500,000)
|Keywords||neodymium / praseodymium / halide / oxygen / deoxidation / rare earth fluorides / oxyfluoride / rare earth metals / ネオジム / プラセオジム / ハライド / 酸素 / 脱酸 / 希土類フッ化物 / オキシフロライド / 希土類金属 / フッ化プラセオジム / フラックス / フッ化ネオジム / 酸素定量|
1.Preliminary Experiments by Various Halide Fluxes
Preliminary deoxidation experiments were conducted by using several kind of halide fluxes. Based on the above results, effect of used fluxes on deoxidation ability was investigated and effectiveness of this method was confirmed.
2.REF_3 - RE-oxide (RE=Nd, Pr) Quasi-binary Equilibrium
REF_3 powder and a RE-oxide pellet were charged in a graphite crucible and heated at 1723 K under argon atmosphere for a scheduled time period. Then, the crucible was pulled out from the furnace and quenched rapidly by jetting helium gas. Two phases, consisting of the melted part and the solid part, were observed in both experiments and the both were subjected to X-my diffraction analysis. The NdOF or PrOF peaks are detected in the both parts.
3.RE - REF_3 - RE_20_3 Quasi-ternary System
As the REOF phases were identified, new sets of experiments were conducted to determine the RE - REF_3 - REOF quasi-ternary equilibrium. Using those results and the partial phase diagrams of the RE-O system, phase diagrams of the RE - REF_3 - RE_20_3 quasi-ternary system at 1723 K were established. Based on the phase diagrams, deoxidation reactions on the both rare earth metals were estimated.
The deoxidation experiments using NdF_3 or PrF_3 as a halide flux were performed in order to confirm the estimated deoxidation reactions. Oxygen content can be successfully lowered by the halide flux treatment. Therefore, the halide flux treatment is not only simple process but also effective deoxidation method.
Research Output (3results)