|Budget Amount *help
¥3,400,000 (Direct Cost : ¥3,400,000)
Fiscal Year 1998 : ¥800,000 (Direct Cost : ¥800,000)
Fiscal Year 1997 : ¥2,600,000 (Direct Cost : ¥2,600,000)
Geranylamines were prepared from geranyl bromide and various chiral pyrrolidine derivertives. Oxidation of the geranylamines with 1.1 equivalent of peracetic acid in dichioromethane at -60ﾟC led to labile allylamine N-oxides, which were, without isolation, rearranged to the trisubstituted hydroxyamines. Asymmetric inductions were dependent upon the rearrangement temperature and substituents R^1 and R^2, On the point of rearrangement temperature, lower temperature increased diastereomeric excess (de) of the hydroxyamines. For example, C_2-symmetrical pyrrolidine (R^1 = EtO, R^2 = EtOCH_2) gave 35%, 50% and 60% de at 80ﾟC, 25ﾟC and -30ﾟC, respectively. Furthermore, sterically more hindered C_2-symmetrical pyrrolidine (R^1 = MeO, EtO ; R^2 = TBSOCH_2) gave good result (de =65 - 70%) and fairly good results (de =60-65%) were obtained when using C_2-symmetrical pyrrolidine (R^1=MeO, EtO ; R^2 = MeOCH_2, EtOCH_2, Me). Finally, the tertiary allylic alcohol (R)-linalool was obtained without racemization by ultrasound-assisted reductive cleavage of N-O bond with zinc in acetic acid at 55ﾟC.The pyrrolidine auxiliary was separated during the work-up procedure and recycled. The absolute configuration and enantiomeric excess were determined by gas chromatography of synthetic linalool on a chiral stationary phase. The oxidation followed by rearrangement of nerylamine under similar conditions led to the inverse configuration (S) of the new stereogenic center as expected.
In summary, the asymmetric [2,3]sigmatropic rearrangement using a new C_2-symmetrical pyrrolidine auxiliary is described. Subsequent reductive cleavage of N-O bond provides (R)-linabool (licareol) from geranylpyrrolidine. Similary, (S)-linalool (coriandrol) is obtained from nerylpyrrolidine.