Investigation of the role of MHC class I molecule on the demyelination in a model of genetic demyelination
Grant-in-Aid for Scientific Research (C)
|Research Institution||Osaka University|
TANIIKE Masako Osaka University Medical School, Assistant Professor, 医学部, 助手 (30263289)
松田 佳子 大阪大学, 医学部・附属病院, 医員
SHIMA Masaaki Osaka University Medical School, Assistant Professor, 医学部, 助手 (10252660)
MATSUDA Yoshiko Osaka University Hospital, Medical Staff
|Project Fiscal Year
1997 – 1998
Completed(Fiscal Year 1998)
|Budget Amount *help
¥3,000,000 (Direct Cost : ¥3,000,000)
Fiscal Year 1998 : ¥1,300,000 (Direct Cost : ¥1,300,000)
Fiscal Year 1997 : ¥1,700,000 (Direct Cost : ¥1,700,000)
|Keywords||Galactosylceramidase / Twitcher / MHC class I molecule / Apoptosis / lipocalin-type prostaglandin D synthase / ガラクトセレブロシダーゼ / MHC class I分子 / アポトーシス / リポカリン型プロヌタグランディンD合成酵素 / MHC Class I分子 / リポカリン型プロスタグランディンD合成酵素 / twitcher|
The aim of this study was to investigate the role of upregulated MHC class I molecule in the demyelination of the twitcher, which is a murine model of genetic demyelinating disease, globoid cell leukodystrophy.The crossbreeding of beta2-microglobulin-knockout and twitcher mice makes us possible to start this project.The genotyping for both mutation has been established, however, there was a reproductive problem in F2 progeny.Thus, at present, we have not completed the observation.
We examined the pathomechanism possibly linked to the MHC-related cell recognition in the twitcher prototype and made several conclusions :
1) With progression of demyelination, mRNA for the genes encoding myelin basic protein, myelin-associated glycoprotein, proteolipid protein, and UDP-galactose : ceramide galactosyltransferase was downregulated in twitcher brains.
2) Morphological alterations of oligodendrocytes leading to their depletion were studied in the twitcher.Oligodendroglial cytoplasm as well as proc
esses became shrunken with the progression of the disease and these were thought to be apoptotic by TUNEL labeling, DNA laddering and electron microscopical observation.
3) Expression of lipocalin-type prostaglandin D synthase (l-PGDS), an oligodendrocyte-associated protein, was examined in the twitcher brains.Unexpectedly, the enzyme is progressively upregulated during demyelination.Its distribution, which is inversely related to that of scavenger macrophages may suggest that l-PGDS may function to protect oligodendrocytes from degeneration.
Rodriguez et al.have been performed extensive studies about the pathological role of MHC class I on the demyelination using virus-induced demyelination and he suggested that the existence of this molecule is essential for the progression of demyelination and the occurrence of neurological deficits.Thus it is important to examine the forthcoming F2 and F3 progeny to see if his conclusion is also the case in this genetic demyelination.
ウィルス感染による脱髄モデルを用いたMayo ClinicのRodriguezらの研究により、MHC classI分子はウィルス感染に伴う脱髄の進行・神経的合併症の出現に関与していることが示唆されている。今後、上の1)〜3)に述べた様な新知見を元に、交配マウスF2の臨床症状・神経病理の解析を行い、MHC class I分子発現がtwitcherの脱髄に及ぼす影響を調べることは、脱髄症への治療の開発という面においても非常に大きいと考えられる。 Less
Research Output (6results)