|Budget Amount *help
¥3,100,000 (Direct Cost : ¥3,100,000)
Fiscal Year 1998 : ¥1,200,000 (Direct Cost : ¥1,200,000)
Fiscal Year 1997 : ¥1,900,000 (Direct Cost : ¥1,900,000)
The natural fact of seeing is lodged within the normative order of social activity or interaction. Indeed, if you fail in seeing something, you very often have to excuse yourself for or justify it. For example, if you fail in seeing a student raise her hand in your class, you might be blamed for it. This normative nature of the natural fact of seeing is deeply related to the ongoing activity you are engaged in with other participants. In this project, an attempt has been made to show how participants design their discourse and gestures for the ongoing activity and how their seeing each other and things around them is organized within, and organizes, the ongoing activity. First, In the analysis of audio-visually recorded, distinct activities (joint game playing, word processor lesson and psychology experiments), it has been demonstrated how seeing is organized within, and organizes, interaction. In the course of analysis we could benefit from achievements of Conversation Analysis. In particular, psychology of perception presents two problems. On the one hand, it cherishes an erroneous conception of visual perception. We have to clarify and resolve conceptual confusions psychology is caught up in. On the other, psychology is still a distinct activity. How the activity of doing psychology is organized in accordance with the erroneous conception is a phenomenon to be investigated in its own right. Second, the organization of the visibility of the order of a workplace where new machines have been introduced only recently has been reconstructed from ethnographic fieldwork supported by audio-visual recorders. One of us observes that the 'newness' of new machines is made visible only in their juxtaposition with older ones.