Adaptation Conditions of the Students of Brazil and Peru Who Returned from Japan … Study from the View of Multi ・・ Culture Education
Grant-in-Aid for Scientific Research (A).
|Research Institution||University of Tsukuba|
MURATA Yokuo University of Tsukuba, Institute of Education, Professor, 教育学系, 教授 (10000085)
田島 千賀子 筑波大学, 社会科学系, 助手 (40302343)
NISHII Mami Notre-dame Pure Heart Women University, Dept. of Human Life, Lecturer, 人間生活学部, 講師 (90218107)
TAJIMA Hisatoshi Josai International University, Dept. of Human Science, Associate Professor, 人文学部, 助教授 (00245325)
EHARA Hiromi Teikyo University, Faculty of Law, Associate Professor, 法学部, 助教授 (40232970)
NAKAGAWA Fumio Josai International University, Dept. of Human Science, Professor, 人文学部, 教授 (30014484)
YAMAWAKI Chikako Bunkyo University, International Faculty, Assistant Professor, 国際学部, 講師 (40302324)
|Project Fiscal Year
1998 – 1999
Completed(Fiscal Year 1999)
|Budget Amount *help
¥11,000,000 (Direct Cost : ¥11,000,000)
Fiscal Year 1999 : ¥5,100,000 (Direct Cost : ¥5,100,000)
Fiscal Year 1998 : ¥5,900,000 (Direct Cost : ¥5,900,000)
|Keywords||Students Returned from Japan / Inter-cultural Education / Japanese Foreigner / Brazil / Peru / Multi Culture / Adaptation / Non-adaptation / Identity / 帰国児童生徒 / 異文化間教育 / 日系人 / ブラジル / ペルー / 多文化 / 適応・不適応 / アイデンティティ / 子ども / 適応|
(1) Surveys in Brazil and Peru
We made surveys in Brazil and Peru from the end of July to the middle of September in 1998 and from the beginning of August to the beginning of September in 1999. The surveys aimed to examine the adaptation and non-adaptation of the Japanese Brazil and Peru students who returned to their countries after staying in Japan. The objects of the surveys were the students returned from Japan, their parents, the teachers of the schools where the students were learning, and the residents of Japanese Brazil and Peru communities. For the survey we took the methods of school and communities observation, interview to students and parents, and collection of data and documents.
The main items of the surveys were as follows : (1) The educational system, particularly the system of correspondence education in Brazil and Peru, (2) Historical process of Japanese Brazil and Peru workers, (3) The academic attainment, attitude and moral of the students who returned to their count
ries from Japan, (4) The educational views of the parents of the students, (5) The adaptation pattern of the students returned and the role of their family, (6) The influence of the community culture on those students, (7) The education of Japanese language and culture for the students, (8) The educational activities outside of the schools in communities.
(2) Results of the Survey and a Final Report
The analysis of the survey results was done through meetings of the researchers. And a final report of the study has been published describing the results. We have found main following problems which the students had faced when they returned their countries. In the schools, some students cannot smoothly enter their school grade. Many students did not understand mother language and did not adapt to their school life and culture. In the families and communities there found the problems to the students who lived with one parent while another parent was working in Japan. Japanese Brazil and Peru associations in their communities did not help the students returned from Japan. In addition to those problems we have suggested some main issues which are important in conducting multi-culture education in connection with the education of foreign students in the schools of Japan.
児童生徒が母国に帰って再適応する際の大きな問題として、学校教育では、(1)母語(ポルトガル語とスペイン語)および社会科(歴史・地理)の理解困難 (2)母国の学校へ編入するときの困難性 (3)母国の学校文化への不適応、家庭、社会生活では、(1)両親がそろっていないこと(片親との生活) (2)日系人社会の帰国児童生徒に対する援助が少ないこと、などが判明した。
以上のようなブラジル、ペルーにおける教育・生活の問題点に加えて、日本社会におけるこれからの異文化間教育を進める場合の課題についても触れた。それらは、(1)母語、母国の社会科の学習 (2)多様なアイデンティティの尊重、(3)母国の教科を学習できる通信教育や母国教育の支援、(4)外国人と日本人が学び会う異文化聞 教育の促進、(5)親の日本の教育に対する理解の促進など、であった。
Research Output (12results)