Project/Area Number  10044061 
Research Category 
GrantinAid for Scientific Research (B).

Section  Joint Research . 
Research Field 
素粒子・核・宇宙線

Research Institution  The University of Tokyo 
Principal Investigator 
YONEYA Tamiaki Graduate School of Arts and Science, The University of Tokyo, Prof., 大学院・総合文化研究科, 教授 (10091521)

CoInvestigator(Kenkyūbuntansha) 
JEVICKI Anta ブラウン大学, 物理学教室, 教授
KATO Mitsuhiro Graduate School of Arts and Science, The University of Tokyo, Asso. Prof., 大学院・総合文化研究科, 助教授 (80185876)
KAZAMA Yoichi Graduate School of Arts and Science, The University of Tokyo, Prof., 大学院・総合文化研究科, 教授 (60144317)

Project Fiscal Year 
1998 – 1999

Project Status 
Completed(Fiscal Year 1999)

Budget Amount *help 
¥2,700,000 (Direct Cost : ¥2,700,000)
Fiscal Year 1999 : ¥1,100,000 (Direct Cost : ¥1,100,000)
Fiscal Year 1998 : ¥1,600,000 (Direct Cost : ¥1,600,000)

Keywords  Quantum Gravity / Superstring theory / Quantum field theory / super symmetry / unified theory / gravitation / general relativity / black hole / 量子重力 / 超弦理論 / 場の理論 / 行列模型 / 統一理論 / 重力場 / 超対称性 / ブラックホール 
Research Abstract 
(1) Spacetime uncertainty principle: More than ten years ago, Yoneya has proposed a simple uncertainty relation, which restricts the shortest observable distance scales in spacetime, as a qualitative characterization of the resolution of the ultraviolet problems of quantum gravity in string theory : During the present project this principle was further clarified and developed by Yoneya. The characteristic length scales of string theory, in particular, the role of the Mtheory scale, gィイD31/3(/)sィエD3lィイD2sィエD2, can now be explained on the basis of this principle. (2) Dbranes : We have investigated a variety of different aspects of the dynamics of Dbranes which are presently believed to be one of the key features for the nonperturbative string/M theory. Kato gave a formulation of Dbranes in curved spacetime and studied Tdualities on the basis of the automorphisms of the conserved currents. Kazama constructed a general pathintegral formalism for studying the interactions of Dbran
… More
es and strings. Jevicki and Yoneya, and later Jevicki, Kazama and Yoneya studied the role of (generalized) conformal symmetries for Dbranes. We showed that the generalized conformal symmetry in conjunction of the constraint coming from supersymmetry is useful for extracting the dynamics of Dbranes in the eikonal approximation. Yoneya studied the multibody interactions of Dparticles, and showed that the supersymmetry YangMills matrix quantum mechanics precisely reproduces the first nonlinear effect described by the supergravity in 11 dimensions. Yoneya analyzed the condition for the validity of the AdS/CFT correspondence in Matrix theory and obtained the first results for the correlation functions in the large N limit which exhibit some interesting behavior, suggesting a screening mechanism which may reconcile the holographic behavior of the matrix theory with Lorentz invariance. Kazama extended the previous work by Jevicki, Kazama and Yoneya on the role of generalized conformal symmetry in the dynamics of Dbranes by taking account the supersymmetry more precisely without making the eikonal approximation and succeeded to derive the supersymmetric Ward identity. In studying the symmetry structure for systems with unstable Dbranes, Yoneya showed that such systems have N=2 spacetime supersymmetry in a spontaneously broken phase. These more recent works should shed new light on the symmetry structure of string theories and are hoped to be a useful basis for further development of our program toward the nonperturbative formulation of the theory. (3) Noncommutative structure: Kato investigated the structure of spacetime and degrees of freedom in string theory from the viewpoint of noncommutative geometry. Especially, the duality relation between the noncommutativity in the world volume and that of the target spacetime was clarified by constructing the boundary state with full noncommutativity which describes the interaction of string with Dbrane. Also it is under study in what mechanism the noncommutativity by the background Bfield appears in the nonlocal point particle theory Whose equivalence to the open string theory was shown before. Ultimately, the studies on noncommutative structure are expected to be related to Yoneya's spacetime uncertainty principle. Yoneya's recent investigation along such a direction suggests that will be indeed the case. Less
