The Social Functions of Secondary schools between the two World Wars : From the cases in two defferent areas
Grant-in-Aid for Scientific Research (B).
|Research Institution||The University of Tokyo|
HIROTA Teruyuki The University of Tokyo Graduate School of Education, Associate Professor, 大学院・教育学研究科, 助教授 (10208887)
HASHIMOTO Koichi National Institute for Academic Degrees, Associate Professor, 構, 助教授 (40260509)
KIKUCHI Joji Osaka University Professor, 人間科学部, 教授 (00027963)
TAKAHASHI Ichiro Osaka Kyoiku University, Associate Professor, 教育学部, 助教授 (70226819)
YOSHIDA Aya National Institute of Multimedia Education, Associate Professor, 助教授 (10221475)
AMANO Ikuo Center for National University Finance Center Professor, 教授 (50022398)
|Project Fiscal Year
1998 – 2000
Completed(Fiscal Year 2000)
|Budget Amount *help
¥10,800,000 (Direct Cost : ¥10,800,000)
Fiscal Year 2000 : ¥2,300,000 (Direct Cost : ¥2,300,000)
Fiscal Year 1999 : ¥3,700,000 (Direct Cost : ¥3,700,000)
Fiscal Year 1998 : ¥4,800,000 (Direct Cost : ¥4,800,000)
|Keywords||social mobility / educational opportunity / secondary school / social class / life course / social history / school culture / local community / 社会移動 / 教育機会 / 中等教育 / 社会階層 / ライフコース / 社会史 / 学校文化 / 地域社会|
We examined and compared the social functions of secondary schools in two remarkably different areas between the two World Wars.
One area is the area, Toyonaka, where urbanization proceeded rapidly as a bed town of Osaka. There newly settled residents who mostly consisted of new middle class required academic secondary schools for their children.
The other is the area, Tsuruoka in Yamagata prefecture, where modernizing process was much more slower than Toyonaka. There various social classes had their own educational demands, and different types of secondary schools, from academic to vocational, were established based on those demands.
For example, boys of wealthy old middle class moved into new middle class through male academic schools. Boys of lower class enrolled in engineering secondary schools as future middle level engineer in urban big industry. Sewing schools were for future farmers' housewives.
From these findings we can conclude as follows :
1. Social classes have their own educational demands and the structure of social classes in a local area and its transformation has a strong influence on the type of secondary schools established.
2. The purpose of secondary schools were to develop the area schools were established by educating young generation. But in fact prestigious academic schools had a function as a ladder for geographic mobility from a local area to urban and industrial areas. It may be the characteristic of Japanese secondary schools until late 1960's. We need to examine it more in detail.
Research Output (11results)