The specific nature of teachers' culture in Japan
Grant-in-Aid for Scientific Research (B).
|Allocation Type||Single-year Grants|
|Research Institution||Hitotsubashi University|
KUDOMI Yoshiyuki Hitotsubashi University, Graduate School of Social Sciences, Professor, 大学院・社会学研究科, 教授 (40078952)
TANAKA Kouji Kyoto University, Graduate School of Education, Associate Professor, 大学院・教育学研究科, 助教授 (10135494)
ISHIDO Noritsugu Saitama University, Faculty of Education, Professor, 教育学部, 教授 (80135491)
NAKAUCHI Toshio Chukyo University, Faculty of Social Science, Professor, 社会学部, 教授 (70017135)
KIMURA Hajime Hitotsubashi University, Graduate School of Social Science, Professor, 大学院・社会学研究科, 教授 (60225050)
YAMAZAKI Junji Sizuoka University, Faculty of Education, Professor, 教育学部, 教授 (50144051)
|Project Period (FY)
1998 – 2000
Completed(Fiscal Year 2000)
|Budget Amount *help
¥8,100,000 (Direct Cost : ¥8,100,000)
Fiscal Year 2000 : ¥1,800,000 (Direct Cost : ¥1,800,000)
Fiscal Year 1999 : ¥3,000,000 (Direct Cost : ¥3,000,000)
Fiscal Year 1998 : ¥3,300,000 (Direct Cost : ¥3,300,000)
|Keywords||teachers' culture / social history / sociology / diary / pedagogic practice / ethnography / teacher / the specific nature in Japan|
In this research the concept of "teachers' culture" is defined as 'the special pattern of daily conducts, the way of thinking and social communications which are found in the lives of teachers'.
Aiming to find the specific nature of teachers' culture in Japan and its changes in recent years, three sub-groups for the research were set up : the group for historical approach, the group for investigating the actual conditions and the group for analyzing the pedagogic practices. The findings of each group are following.
[The first group] By consulting the diary of a teacher at Meiji era, the shape of Japanese teachers' culture in its formative period, especially the specific figure of "a teacher's love" for his/her pupils, is found with a concrete form.
[The second group] By conducting two statistical questionnaires for school teachers and school counselors in primary and junior-secondary schools in five local areas in Japan, the rate of burnt-out among teachers, which had been increasing during 1980s and 90s, is found to decrease at the end of 1990s and in 2000. And the introduction of counselors into schools is seen to be successful on the whole.
[The third group] By interviewing three famous teachers in 1960s and 1970s, their professional abilities for pedagogic practices are seen to be formed in the historically peculiar conditions in their period.
Thus now in Japan, there might be a turning point in the history of Japanese teachers' culture ; from the traditional nature to a new one.
Research Products (6results)