小栗 実 鹿児島大学, 法文学部, 教授 (90144104)
NAGATA Hideki Ritsumeikan University, College of International Relations, Prof., 国際関係学部, 教授 (60136778)
ADACHI Hideo Osaka Electro-Communication University, Faculty of Engineering, Associate Professor, 工学部, 助教授 (90151076)
右崎 正博 独協大学, 法学部, 教授 (10112492)
KOBAYASHI Takeshi Nanzan University, Faculty of Policy Studies, Professor, 総合政策学部, 教授 (80103216)
KURAMOCHI Takashi Nagoya Keizai University, Fuculty of Law, Professor, 法学部, 教授 (00153370)
OKUBO Shiro Ritsumeikan University, College of Law, Professor, 法学部, 教授 (90066720)
|Budget Amount *help
¥11,400,000 (Direct Cost : ¥11,400,000)
Fiscal Year 2000 : ¥2,300,000 (Direct Cost : ¥2,300,000)
Fiscal Year 1999 : ¥4,600,000 (Direct Cost : ¥4,600,000)
Fiscal Year 1998 : ¥4,500,000 (Direct Cost : ¥4,500,000)
In this research, we have tried to analyze "Civic Public Sphere" in view of comparative Constitution. Constitutional Theory had set political actors (ex. multi media, NPO, political parties, community) not into state sphere, but into private sphere. We have taken a new concept of "Civic Public Sphere", in which these actors act, between private and state sphere.
This research required cooperation of specialists about foreign Constitution and those actors. We had 7 intensive conferences for 3 years, and we studied constitutional problems about each country and each actor, and then we made total analysis about the theme as a whole.
Our achievements are, for example, bellow :
As to comparison between countries, on one hand in England, order of "civil society" has been supported by non-state, non-legal elements traditionally, but recently this order has been destroying, especially after Thatscherism. On the other hand in Germany, non-state "public sphere" has been "legalized" in these years.
As to total analysis, it is the problem why man can say "Civic Public Sphere" "public"? From a viewpoint of gender analysis, it is necessary to restructure the dualism of "public" and "private".(cf. "REFERENCES" of next page)
For this 3 years, we have made clear Constitutional structure and main problems about public sphere, which are common to modern democratic countries, for example England, USA, Germany, France, Italy, Austria, Switzerland and Japan.