Grant-in-Aid for Scientific Research (B)
|Allocation Type||Single-year Grants|
|Research Institution||THE UNIVERSITY OF TOKYO|
FUJIWARA Masahiro The University of Tokyo, Division of Economics, Graduate School, Professor, 大学院・経済学研究科, 教授 (40114988)
TAKIZAWA Hirokazu Tokyo University, Faculty of Economics, Lecturer, 経済学部, 講師 (80297720)
IKEDA Nobuo Research Institute of Economy, Trade and Industry, Senior Fellow, 上席研究員 (00308561)
IKEO Kazuhito Keio University, Faculty of Economics, Professor, 経済学部, 教授 (00135930)
YANAGAWA Noriyuki Divisionof Economics, Graduate School, The University of Tokyo, Assistant Professor, 大学院・経済学研究科, 助教授 (80255588)
HORI Nobuaki Kyushu University, Faculty of Economics, Assistant Professor, 大学院・経済学研究院, 助教授 (50304720)
川越 敏司 公立はこだて未来大学, システム情報科学部, 講師 (80272277)
石原 秀彦 専修大学, 経済学部, 講師 (20292857)
|Project Period (FY)
1998 – 2001
Completed(Fiscal Year 2001)
|Budget Amount *help
¥10,200,000 (Direct Cost : ¥10,200,000)
Fiscal Year 2001 : ¥2,000,000 (Direct Cost : ¥2,000,000)
Fiscal Year 2000 : ¥2,200,000 (Direct Cost : ¥2,200,000)
Fiscal Year 1999 : ¥2,500,000 (Direct Cost : ¥2,500,000)
Fiscal Year 1998 : ¥3,500,000 (Direct Cost : ¥3,500,000)
|Keywords||Information Technology / Corporate Governance / Modularization / Capsulization / Bundling / Digitize / Coordination / 限定合理性 / 規範 / ガバナンス / ディジタル化 / バンドリング / 'fragile system' / 標準化 / アーキテクチャー / バザール方式 / O-ring theory / NGO / 標準化のコーディネーター|
Information technologies represented by the internet have advanced in recent years.
In this research, we analyze the influence of the development of information technology on governances of economic tradings with economical methods such as economics of information, economics of organization, mechanism design, game theory etc...
We held meetings repeatedly, and found the ways that the information technologies can affect economic activities and economic organizations. We can summarize the points as follows :
1.Advances of Information Technologies and Corporate Governance
Since the information technologies have advanced rapidly, one can get more information than ever, and can process one's information less costly. So it is easy to monitor other people's actions and to manage organizations where people act voluntarily. e.g. NPO, NGO, etc...
2. Architecture and Modularization
It is possible to modularize each division of labor by standardizing interfaces which conform to an open architecture. Thereby, one can introduce the market principle among the divisions of labor and can obtain more decentralized system.
3.Modularization and Standardization
Modularize means both bundling and capsulization, on the other hand open movement means standardization of interfaces. Given architecture, capsulization may be appeared to get the most efficient systems.
Since digitization of commodities and services have advanced, it is easy to get another copy of such commodities or services. Then one cannot reimburse initial cost and he/she has no incentives to supply such commodities and/or services ex ante. So it is important how we can resolve this contradiction.
Due to the advances of information technologies, one can coordinate each other more easily with the aid of computer programmings.