|Budget Amount *help
¥4,600,000 (Direct Cost : ¥4,600,000)
Fiscal Year 2001 : ¥500,000 (Direct Cost : ¥500,000)
Fiscal Year 2000 : ¥500,000 (Direct Cost : ¥500,000)
Fiscal Year 1999 : ¥1,000,000 (Direct Cost : ¥1,000,000)
Fiscal Year 1998 : ¥2,600,000 (Direct Cost : ¥2,600,000)
Since the Alpine Accentor Prunella collaris breeds exclusively on the top of mountain, the breeding populations are isolated each other. To examine the genetic diversity of this species, we collected blood from 54 individuals on 11 mountains (22 birds on Mt. Norikura, 3 on Komagatake, 6 on Mt. Myoko, 7 on Tateyama, 4 on Gassan, 2 on Yatugatake, 4 on Mt. Hakusan, 1 on Mt. Senjyo, 1 on Mt. Fuji, 1 on Mt. Tyoukai and 3 on Mt. Tubakuro) and analyzed mtDNA. The mitochondrial regions hold the same structure as those of other bird species. All populations shared with A, B and C haplotypes identified from 35 samples collected at Hida mountain populations, indicating non-geographical separation between mountains. Index of haprotype diversity of Alpine Accentor was 0.56, which was lower than that of red-data bird species. Compared with the microsatellite loci isolated from other birds species, variability of the microsatellite loci of Alpine Accentor was extremely low. It is likely that low genetic variation is due to small isolated population, strong natal philopatory and high return rate of adult and young
The Alpine Accentor is an altitudinal migrant bird, which forms breeding group in alpine zone and forms flock in wintering grounds. The breeding group and the winter flock are independent of each other because there was no evidence that individual associations (group composition and family bonds) were maintained between breeding and wintering sites. If wintering individuals do not return to the natal site next year, genetic variation of a breeding population would be rich.