KIMURA Takeshi Yamaguchi University, Faculty of Humanities, Assistant Professor, 人文学部, 講師 (00294611)
KASHIWAGI Ysuko Yamaguchi University, Faculty of Humanities, Assistant Professor, 人文学部, 講師 (00263624)
|Budget Amount *help
¥3,200,000 (Direct Cost : ¥3,200,000)
Fiscal Year 2000 : ¥300,000 (Direct Cost : ¥300,000)
Fiscal Year 1999 : ¥900,000 (Direct Cost : ¥900,000)
Fiscal Year 1998 : ¥2,000,000 (Direct Cost : ¥2,000,000)
Toyosawa examines the Medieval notion of "Shojiki (Honesty)". He argues that "Shojiki" means gazing at one's own unavoidable impurity and nevertheless, by struggling to go beyond it, achieving the unity of purity and impurity. In this attempt, the person needs to reflect seriously and critically and continually attempt to go beyond existential limitation.
Kashiwagi examines the images of the sacred redeemers by investigating the Jataka narrative, found in the Medieval narrative genre of Sekkyobushi. She examines the relationship between the past experience of anitya, seen in such as sufferings and destruction, and the present salviflic embodimert, with a specia attention to the figures and structure of the narratives and the interaction between the narrators and audiences.
Kimura examines the historical accumulation of sacrality of Mt.Koya with special attention to Kukai's as the central figure to its sacrality. He examines the layers of the sacred such as the mountain for the dead prior to Kukai's era, the mountain for the ascetic practitioner, the mountain as the site to build the towers of Maha-karuna-garbhodbhava-mandala and Vajra-dhatu-maha-mandalam, the mountain as the site of Kukai's nirvana, the Mitsugon Pureland, and the mountain as the mandala.
Uehara examines the monastic system Saicho instituted where the novices would receive the Boddhisattva sila, which was regarded as the unity of paramartha-satya and samvrti-satya. For the Boddhisatta, the unity of paramartha-satya and samvrti-satya is the state superior to the separation of paramartha-satya and samvrti-satya. Saicho regarded Prince Shotoku as the superior Boddhisattva, who received the Boddhisattva sila on Grdhrakute, first practiced the separation of paramartha-satya and samvrti-satva, and then attained the unity of paramartha-satya and samvrti-satya. Saicho recreated Prince Shotoku's historicality by institutionalizing the monastic system.