The Implications of the Great Hanshin Earthquake in the Advanced Civilization
Grant-in-Aid for Scientific Research (C).
|Research Institution||Kobe University|
IWASAKI Nobuhiko Kobe University, Faculty of Letters, Professor, 文学部, 教授 (20086052)
|Project Fiscal Year
1998 – 2001
Completed(Fiscal Year 2001)
|Budget Amount *help
¥2,900,000 (Direct Cost : ¥2,900,000)
Fiscal Year 2001 : ¥700,000 (Direct Cost : ¥700,000)
Fiscal Year 2000 : ¥600,000 (Direct Cost : ¥600,000)
Fiscal Year 1999 : ¥800,000 (Direct Cost : ¥800,000)
Fiscal Year 1998 : ¥800,000 (Direct Cost : ¥800,000)
|Keywords||the Great Hanshin Earthquake / urban disaster / reconstruction from earthquake disaster / volunteer / NPO / civil society / 阪神・淡路大震災 / 都市災害 / 震災復興 / ボランティア / 市民社会 / 阪神大震災 / まちづくり / 文明論 / 災害復興 / 被災生活 / 災害記憶 / 災害 / 住宅|
I did continuous research in Takatori district in Kobe. The role and functions of local communities in earthquake rescue, shelter administration and reconstruction were focused in the former three years. I considered the various phenomena from the viewpoint of "civil society and risk consciousness" in the last year.
In these investigations I could summarize five points.
1 The earthquake damage was the severest in the inner-city areas, where the social poverty had been accumulated.
2 Various kinds of metropolitan disaster occurred but the damages were not so heavy because the time of the occurrence was before sunrise.
3 Kobe city's urban planning had been famous of the success of business administration. But the earthquake revealed its disaster measures were very poor. It implies the failure of the urban development attained by the business success and the end of the modern era as such.
4 The sufferers made great efforts to reconstruct their lives. In that process many volunteer groups, NPO and NGO supported sufferers and advanced their activities for constructing new civil society.
5 The contemporary Japan is confronted with many problems produced by a "risk society".
Research Output (13results)