|Budget Amount *help
¥3,000,000 (Direct Cost : ¥3,000,000)
Fiscal Year 2000 : ¥600,000 (Direct Cost : ¥600,000)
Fiscal Year 1999 : ¥900,000 (Direct Cost : ¥900,000)
Fiscal Year 1998 : ¥1,500,000 (Direct Cost : ¥1,500,000)
This research project has carried out from 1998 to 2000, to discuss women's participation to the change of folk culture among non-Itoman maritime societies. For this research purpose, two maritime communities had been selected for field survey, namely Sarahama (fishing community supplemented by agriculture) Irabu Island in Miyako and Oohama (agricultural community supplemented by fishing) in Ishigakijima, Yaeyama.
I collected data focusing on 1) fishng activities and transformation, 2) economy among fishing household, 3) economic role of fisherman's wife, 4) social contribution of fisherman's wife, 5) women's influence to the belief and the ritual among fishermen. Economic dependence on fishing is widely different between these two communities, however, women's participation to social and economic aspect which is peculiar among fishing communities is almost same.
Women participate mostly in a domain of fishing activities in stone tidal ware and fishermen's wife is active in a area of distribution of catch as a venders and market woman. Household economy among fisher-folk is maintained basically by sexual division of labor, that is to say, men work on the sea as fishermen and women work on the land selling fish cauhgt by their husbands.
Women's emotional and mental influence on fishermen is remarkable as well as economic influence, so that women usually hold dominant position in a maritime communities.