|Budget Amount *help
¥2,900,000 (Direct Cost : ¥2,900,000)
Fiscal Year 2001 : ¥400,000 (Direct Cost : ¥400,000)
Fiscal Year 2000 : ¥200,000 (Direct Cost : ¥200,000)
Fiscal Year 1999 : ¥500,000 (Direct Cost : ¥500,000)
Fiscal Year 1998 : ¥1,800,000 (Direct Cost : ¥1,800,000)
During the Asia-Pacific War about 720,000 Koreans were taken to Japan against their will, and were forced to work in various districts of this country. They were violently and unjustly treated, that is, abused, paid no wages and so on. It is said that more than 100,000 of them were killed. These facts are based on the testimonies of the victims. On the other hand, the corporations destroyed most of the documents just after the end of the war and hid some of them later. They made no efforts to clarify the wartime situations. As the result, what the victims said has come to be believed a true aspect of this problem. But to get an entire aspect of this problem, therefore, their testimonies have to be compared with the facts made clear by the remained historical records of the corporations. Koreans that were forcibly taken to Hokkaido and northern part of Kyushu are estimated from 400,000 to 450,000. If a research is carried out in the both districts, the entire aspect of this problem will
be clarified. This is the purpose of this research.
Enormous documents have been collected ; primary corporation documents are recorded in 67 microfilms and many secondary records consist of histories of corporations and municipalities, newspapers and so on. The primary documents were got mainly in Hokkaido, because those of Northern Kyushu were mostly scrapped. The documents are got at four representative firms in Hokkaido. The Koreans that were forced to work at these four firms were about 40,000 people. Collected documents contain plans to take Koreans to Japan, and plans to return them to Korea after the defeat of the war. These documents are enough to clarify the entire aspect of this problem.
About half of the records have been finished sorting out. Now the following items are made clear : how to collect people, how to take them, how to train them, working sites, working conditions, labor management, wages, savings, sending money, industrial accidents, medical treatments, aids for the wounded, welfare, dormitory life, food situations, struggles, runaway, watch violence, etc.
The problem of Korean forcible taking and forced labor is not merely coercion, violence, ill-treatment, non-payment and so on. This research reveals the truth that a different people were forcibly taken by the state of Japan and Japanese corporations intentionally and systematically. Less