Crime and Duty of Common People in Sendai-Clan
Grant-in-Aid for Scientific Research (C).
|Research Institution||TOHUKU UNIVERSITY|
YOSHIDA Masashi TOHOKU UNIVERSITY, SCHOOL OF LAW, PROFESSOR, 大学院・法学研究科, 教授 (30113872)
|Project Fiscal Year
1998 – 2000
Completed(Fiscal Year 2000)
|Budget Amount *help
¥3,500,000 (Direct Cost : ¥3,500,000)
Fiscal Year 2000 : ¥800,000 (Direct Cost : ¥800,000)
Fiscal Year 1999 : ¥1,100,000 (Direct Cost : ¥1,100,000)
Fiscal Year 1998 : ¥1,600,000 (Direct Cost : ¥1,600,000)
|Keywords||crime detection / Dosin / Meakashi / Hyojosho / prison / banishment / 犯罪捜査 / 同心 / 目明し / 評定所 / 牢 / 流刑 / 仙台藩 / 藩法 / 徒者の役 / 拘禁費用 / 護送費用|
In the modern states the costs of criminal detection and punishment were paid by the states. But in pre-modern states the common people shared the costs. The concrete examples are as follows :
(1) When the policemen who were called Kohitometsuke, Doshin and Meakashi were dispatched to the villages, the costs of their stay and meal were paid by the common people who were lived there. Besides, the common people had to prepare the watchmen for the suspects.
(2) The suspects were sent under guard to the court that was called Hyojosho in Sendai. The traveling expenses were paid by the towns which located on the way to Sendai.
(3) The suspects were detained in the prison that was called Ro. The common people shared the detaining expenses called Romai. Especially in gambling case the neighbors of the criminal had to pay the Romai.
(4) The common people shared the costs of death penalty, pillory and banishment with the states.
The share of these costs was the duty of common people. It was indispensable for the criminal procedure in the pre-modern states.
Research Output (8results)