|Budget Amount *help
¥2,700,000 (Direct Cost : ¥2,700,000)
Fiscal Year 1999 : ¥1,200,000 (Direct Cost : ¥1,200,000)
Fiscal Year 1998 : ¥1,500,000 (Direct Cost : ¥1,500,000)
The aim of our research was how is the modern situation of a certain aria in Niigata, because the reciprocal connections that are concerning a local relationship or kinship have still continued in japalnese society.
In the first section of our research, we considered that japanese code civil has some undemocratic articles (for example § 897), and explained the japanese family's changes after the World War II, by analyzing vital statistics and industrial structure of Japan. Compared with these analyses, we discovered some special characteristics concerning vital-familial structure and a degree of democratic education in Sado-gun, and insisted that family law has serious limits in some aspects.
In the second section : rural women in Japan have not properly taken part in the policymaking of family farm management and rural community, although they've played a great role in agricultural labor. Based on surveying the actual situation of rural women and the agricultural policy toward them, we pointed out that we had to consider a role and status of individual woman in family farm and rural women's network. Then, we tried intensive interviews with the members of the fruit growing association in Mano town, Sado island, and analyzed the interview data to approach this theme. In this case, women have positively taken part in the meeting of the association and the tour of observation, and besides, they have had a great influence with their family farm management. We pointed out the development of women's participation and the limits of it.