Project/Area Number  10640021 
Research Category 
GrantinAid for Scientific Research (C).

Section  一般 
Research Field 
Algebra

Research Institution  KYOTO INSTITUTE OF TECHNOLOGY 
Principal Investigator 
MIKI Hiroo Kyoto Inst. Tech., Dep. Eng. &Design, Prof., 工芸学部, 教授 (90107368)

CoInvestigator(Kenkyūbuntansha) 
矢ヶ崎 達彦 京都工芸繊維大学, 工芸学部, 助教授 (40191077)
大倉 弘之 京都工芸繊維大学, 工芸学部, 助教授 (80135649)
米谷 文男 京都工芸繊維大学, 工芸学部, 教授 (10029340)
NAKAOKA Akira Dep. Eng. &Design, Kyoto Inst. Tech., Prof., 工芸学部, 教授 (90027920)
UCHIYAMA Jun Dep. Tex. Sci., Kyoto Inst. Tech., Prof., 繊維学部, 教授 (70025401)
IWATSUKA Akira Dep. Tex. Sci., Kyoto Inst. Tech., Prof., 繊維学部, 教授 (40184890)
ASADA Mamoru Dep. Eng. &Design, Kyoto Inst. Tech., Assoc. Prof., 工芸学部, 助教授 (30192462)
TSUKAMOTO Chiaki Dep. Tex. Sci., Kyoto Inst. Tech., Assoc. Prof., 繊維学部, 助教授 (80155340)

Project Fiscal Year 
1998 – 1999

Project Status 
Completed(Fiscal Year 1999)

Budget Amount *help 
¥3,300,000 (Direct Cost : ¥3,300,000)
Fiscal Year 1999 : ¥1,500,000 (Direct Cost : ¥1,500,000)
Fiscal Year 1998 : ¥1,800,000 (Direct Cost : ¥1,800,000)

Keywords  Gauss sum / Jacobi sum / Hecke character / Leopoldt conjecture / padic L function / Hilbert symbol / ガウスの和 / ヤコビの和 / ヘッケ指標 / Leopoldt予想 / p進L関数 / ヒルベルト記号 
Research Abstract 
Number theory has been developed relating closely to many areas in mathematics, and recently it is applied to physics and engineering. In the present research, we researched from the integrated standpoint. Investigators in this project attended related conferences, discussed the problem with related researchers, collected many related references, and analyzed the problem using computers. In the process of our research we realized the importance of studies on Gauss sums and Jacobi sums, namely we firmly believed the relation between the Leopoldt conjecture and Gauss sums. The Leopoldt conjecture says that units, which are multiplicatively independent over the ring of rational integers, of a finite algebraic number field are also multiplicatively independent over the ring of padic integers. It is very important conjecture and is still a very difficult open problem. This conjecture is equivalent to the nonvanishing of L function at 1. On the other hand, head investigator in the present research gave an algebraic proof of nonvanishing of L function at 1 using Gauss sums under certain conditions. This implies close and deep relation between the Leopoldt conjecture and Jacobi sums. He also obtained partial affirmative answer to the conjecture from the different standpoint. It seems to be important to pursue the research considering the relation to cohomology theory, integral representation, structure of Galois groups of algrbraic number fields, ramification theory, theory of padic L functions, explicit formula for Hilbert norm residue symbols, and its nonabelization.
