Flexural and Shear Behavior of Prestressed Reinforced Continuous Beams and Analysis
Grant-in-Aid for Scientific Research (C).
|Research Institution||Osaka Institute of Technology|
KOBAYASHI Kazuo Osaka Institute of Technology, Eng., Professor, 工学部, 教授 (10021586)
|Project Fiscal Year
1998 – 1999
Completed(Fiscal Year 1999)
|Budget Amount *help
¥2,800,000 (Direct Cost : ¥2,800,000)
Fiscal Year 1999 : ¥1,000,000 (Direct Cost : ¥1,000,000)
Fiscal Year 1998 : ¥1,800,000 (Direct Cost : ¥1,800,000)
|Keywords||Prestress / Crack width / Flexural strength / Moment redistribution / Shear strength / Nonlinear analysis / プレストレス / 曲げひび割れ幅 / 終局曲げ耐力 / 曲げモーメント再分配 / 終局せん断耐力 / 非線形解析 / 極限解析法|
Flexural and shear behavior of two-span continuous prestressed reinforced concrete (PRC) beams with mean prestress of about 3N/mmィイD12ィエD1 and mechanical prestressing degree of about 0.5 was studied in comparison with that of comparable reinforced concrete (RC) beams, and then those test results were compared with calculations obtained from a nonlinear analysis and design equations.
Conclusions obtained from this study are summarized as follows.
1) Width of flexural crack was considerably smaller in PRC beam than RC beam, and was somewhat larger in unbonded beam than bonded one. Those could be estimated relatively well using steel stress by nonlinear analysis and crack width equation by the JSCE Code.
2) Ultimate flexural strength of PRC beam was higher by about 8% on the average than that of comparable RC beam, and then that of unbonded beam was lower by maximum 10% than that of bonded one. Those could be estimated well by applying the limit analysis.
3) Ridity of PRC beam after flexural cracking was higher than that of RC beam, and use of high strength concrete of f'ィイD2cィエD2=80N/mmィイD12ィエD1 was very effective for improving member rigidity.
4) Moment redistribution initiated after flexural cracking, but no significant difference could be recognized in load-moment relations at loading point or intermediate support between PRC and RC beams and between two types beams of f'ィイD2cィエD2=40 and 80N/mmィイD12ィエD1. Flexural behavior up to the ultimate state after cracking of PRC beams could be estimated well by a nonlinear analysis applied in this study.
5) Ultimate shear strength of PRC beam without web reinforcement was larger by about 55% on the average than that of comparable RC beam.
6) Measured ultimate shear strength was fairly in excess of calculation obtained by setting all of safety factors in design equation of the JSCE Code to be 1.0.
7) Stirrup strains in PRC beam could be estimated well by the modified compression field theory.
Research Output (3results)