|Budget Amount *help
¥2,600,000 (Direct Cost : ¥2,600,000)
Fiscal Year 1999 : ¥1,400,000 (Direct Cost : ¥1,400,000)
Fiscal Year 1998 : ¥1,200,000 (Direct Cost : ¥1,200,000)
The matrix (M) protein of Sendai virus (SeV) has five cysteine residues, at positions 83, 106, 158, 251 and 295. The fast migration of the M protein in SDS-PAGE in a non-reducing condition suggests that it forms a specific structure. The structure is considered to depend on cysteine residues, since mutations of the cysteine residues affect migration in SDS-PAGE. To determine the cysteine-dependent structure of the M protein in viral replication, we tried to recover virus from mutant genomic cDNA possessing a substitution to serine at one of the cysteine residues or at all of the cysteine residues. SeV M-CィイD283ィエD2S, SeV M-CィイD2106ィエD2S, and SeV M-CィイD2295ィエD2S were successfully recovered from cDNA, while recombinant SeVs possessing M-CィイD2158ィエD2S, M-CィイD2251ィエD2S, and M-C(-) mutations were not, suggesting the importance of the cysteine residues at positions 158 and/or 251 in virus replication. SeV M-CィイD283ィエD2S and SeV M-CィイD2106ィエD2S had smaller virus particles than did the wild-type SeV, whereas SeV M-CィイD2295ィエD2S had larger and heterogeneous particles. Furthermore, SeV M-CィイD2106ィエD2S had a significant amount of empty particles lacking the viral genome. These results indicate that a single-point mutation at the cysteine residues of the M protein affects virus morphology and genome incorporation. SeV M-CィイD283ィエD2S and SeV M-CィイD2106ィエD2S exhibited a lower virus growth in cultured cells and mouse lungs, leading to a lower pathogenicity to mice compared with the wild-type virus, while the SeV M-CィイD2295ィエD2S mutant grew as efficiently as the wild-type virus. The infection of cultured cells with SeV M-CィイD283ィエD2S and SeV M-CィイD2106ィエD2S suggested that virus assembly and/or budding steps might be abrogated.