|Budget Amount *help
¥1,000,000 (Direct Cost : ¥1,000,000)
Fiscal Year 1999 : ¥1,000,000 (Direct Cost : ¥1,000,000)
Cytogenetic analyses have shown that aberrations involving 12q13-15 are frequent chromosomal changes in a variety of human benign mesenchymal tumors, e.g., pleomorphic adenomas of the parotid gland, pulmonary chondroid hamartomas, lipomas, and uterine leiomyomas. Recently, the high-mobility group protein gene HMGIC was identified as the target gene affected by the 12q13-15 aberrations. Using 3' rapid amplification of cDNA ends experiments, we isolated novel ectopic sequences fused to HMGIC in a uterine leiomyoma. Cloning of the fusion cDNA identified the human cytochrome c oxidase subunit Vic (COX6c) gene on 8q22-23 as the fusion partner of HMGIC. Nucleotide sequences of the fusion transcript revealed that the first three exons of the HMGIC gene, encoding the three DNA binding domains, was fused to the exon 2 of the COX6C gene. The identification of a gene rearrangement suggests a role for HMGIC in tumorigenesis of uterine leiomyoma, and suggests a possible involvement of HMGIC in mesenchymal differentiation.