|Budget Amount *help
¥2,500,000 (Direct Cost : ¥2,500,000)
Fiscal Year 1999 : ¥700,000 (Direct Cost : ¥700,000)
Fiscal Year 1998 : ¥1,800,000 (Direct Cost : ¥1,800,000)
In the process of curriculum reform of subject Sport in Germany, one can find following 3 types of reform : 1) new reform (old east German Sates), 2) drastic reform (Hessen and Bayern) and 3) continuous reform (NRW). In spite of different types of reform, there are 3 commonalties such as 1) emphasis of pedagogical needs, 2) openness of contents, and 3) theme orientation between them.
In this research, objects and contents of courses of study in Niedersachsen(1988), Rheinland-Pfalz(1998), Schleswig-Holstein(1997), Hamburg(1998), Bayern(1992/1993) and NRW(1999) have been analyzed and the discussion in sport didactices, which has operated working process of this reform, has put in oder. Based on this analysis, one can find the tendency such as combining two aspects such as education in sport and education through sport in objects and disorientation to sport discipline in content.
In addition, the position of the body in courses of study in 16 State were analyzed from aspects from objects and its contents. The body is almost taught in learning of each sport discipline, but in a few State, the body forms original content area. The body is taught also in relation with object health. In methodological level, integration of knowledge on the body in natural scientifical meaning and sensibility of own body are requested. In the old east German State, contents and methods in the area body are characterized by fitness orientation.