|Budget Amount *help
¥1,300,000 (Direct Cost : ¥1,300,000)
Fiscal Year 1999 : ¥500,000 (Direct Cost : ¥500,000)
Fiscal Year 1998 : ¥800,000 (Direct Cost : ¥800,000)
The aim this study is to examine urban networks which has recently been developed in Europe, in order to contribute to regional planning of Japan. In Germany the concept of urban networks was for the first time added to the 'developing plan of points and axes' in 'Guideline of Regional Planning' in 1993. After I traced the conceptual relationship between central places and urban networks in regional planning in my first paper (Morikawa, 1999a), I examined in detail how the concept of urban network has been developed till today and can be situated in the present regional planning in Germany (Morikawa, 1999b). Understanding through such studies that urban networks were generated by political agents and that small and medium-sized firms were normally not so interested in them, I considered the research trends on interfirm networks in Europe (Mokikawa, 2000a). I reached the conclusion that the local milieu for small and medium-sized firms which has an important role for their innovation activities is different in areal scale from urban networks. By using the final report on the experimental work of twelve modells of urban network in German regional planning which publication has delayed till July 1999, I tried to examine the research result in my last contribution (Morikawa, 2000b, in printing), including my own survey in EXPO-Region consisting of Hannover and the socalled 'second ring cities' of it. I believe that the results of the experimental studies in Germany can contribute to Japanese regional planning. I already surveyed the cooperation of the cities to surrounding areas such as Sapporo, Niigata, Kanazawa, Hiroshima, Fukuoka, Kumamoro, Oita, etc. From now I will examine the present condition of Japanese main cities in non-metropolitan areas with similar problems to German large cities.