Geographecal Study about the Reception, Fixation and Development of Watermills in Area
Grant-in-Aid for Scientific Research (C)
|Allocation Type||Single-year Grants|
|Research Institution||SlMONOSEKI - City University|
HIRAOKA Akitoshi Simonoseki-City university, Economics, Professor., 経済学部, 教授 (90106013)
NOMA Haruo Nara Women's-University, Literature, Professor., 文学部, 教授 (00131607)
|Project Period (FY)
1998 – 2001
Completed(Fiscal Year 2001)
|Budget Amount *help
¥2,100,000 (Direct Cost : ¥2,100,000)
Fiscal Year 2001 : ¥500,000 (Direct Cost : ¥500,000)
Fiscal Year 2000 : ¥500,000 (Direct Cost : ¥500,000)
Fiscal Year 1999 : ¥500,000 (Direct Cost : ¥500,000)
Fiscal Year 1998 : ¥600,000 (Direct Cost : ¥600,000)
|Keywords||Waterwheel and Region / Waterwheel of power / noria|
Generally a waterwheel is supposed to have declined rapidly since Meizi However in the country area, there are many cases which introduced a waterwheel aggressively. A waterwheel was used at the small scale factories. The factory which used waterwheel had been convered into traditional-type waterwheel such as the noria (water-raising wheel) and rice-watermills and used thire technology, As a result of investigation, following fact became clear.
(1) The use of a type of noria as a power of the raw silk instrument.
The traditional noria which called Fuziguruma had been used operation of spinning instrument along the Tenryuu river in the middle of Meizi era.
(2) The use of a traditional-type of rice watermills as a power of waterwheel for industry.
Most of the power waterwheels which used at industry had diversed from ricewatermills.
(3) From KARAUSU(mortar worked by water) to watermills for making kaoline
In old days KARAUSU was used for crushing the kaoline rock, hut from the latter of Edo to the middle of Meizi, the watermills have become used.
(4) The type of western style horizontal turbine-Wheel
A horizontal turbine-wheel was used at cotton factories and mining. This is a different system from traditional-type waterwheels.
Research Output (10results)