Study and research on the development of a chart of classification of 'Setsuzokugo' for Japanese language learners
Grant-in-Aid for Scientific Research (C).
Japanese language education
|Research Institution||THE UNIVERSITY OF TOKYO|
ICHIKAWA Yasuko Univ. of Tokyo, International Center, Professor, 留学生センター, 教授 (70223089)
|Project Fiscal Year
1998 – 2000
Completed(Fiscal Year 2000)
|Budget Amount *help
¥2,100,000 (Direct Cost : ¥2,100,000)
Fiscal Year 2000 : ¥800,000 (Direct Cost : ¥800,000)
Fiscal Year 1999 : ¥500,000 (Direct Cost : ¥500,000)
Fiscal Year 1998 : ¥800,000 (Direct Cost : ¥800,000)
|Keywords||subordinate clause / setsuzokugo / ending part of a sentence / reason clause / purpose clause / result clause / conditional clause / adversative clause / 従属節 / 接続語 / 文末 / 理由節 / 目的節 / 結果節 / 条件節 / 逆接節 / 複文 / 表現意図 / ムード|
The study and research on the development of a chart of classification of 'Setsuzokugo'(particles and words which combine a subordinate clause to a main clause) for Japanese language learners has been done for 3 years supported by Monbusho research grant.
It has been known that some Setsuzokugo take certain fixed patterns in the ending parts of main clauses. It contributes more to Japanese language learners, if the relationships between Setsuzokugo and the ending parts of main clauses become clearer and can be taught to them.
Through the investigations, this research studied
1. the tendencies and patterns of the ending parts of main clauses of reason, result and purpose clauses, as well as conditional and adversative ones.
2. the factors and criteria for the selection of Setsuzokugo by Japanese natives, focusing on the speaker's intention.
3. the influences of the vocabulary variation on the sentence structures of main clauses.
This research proved that the ending parts of main clauses are influenced by Setsuzokugo itself, speaker's emotion and intention, the degree of supposition, sentence styles and speech levels as well as vocabulary variation.
As for vocabularies, the research proved that in the sentence structures, some Setsuzokugo are influenced by the change of words, but some are not.
The types of sentences like a verb sentence, a noun sentence etc. , receive less influence, while whether the sentence is positive or negative receive more influence.
Mood (Modality) expressions are also influenced by vocabulary variation.
Research Output (12results)