Grant-in-Aid for Scientific Research (C)
Pyroclastic flows and debris flows occured on east-facing slope of Unzen Volcano succesively since after 3rd of June in 1991 brought about more than 8000 disastrous refugees. Durable evacuation of the refugees was come into operation under the control of the municipal governments. Refugees' residential displacement was then undertaken to disperse their residence and alter community members. Through the questionnaires sent to the refugees it was found that their association with their neighborhood organizations has changed after the disastrous suffering. After the suffering they moved from suburban village to urban districts and community consciousness is weaker than before the suffering. It was also found that association among the refugees tended to be abandoned when they moved into different urban ward associations. The refugees' former village is thought to be gemeinschaftlich. The refugees' areal dispersion results in their relative isolation in their new urban ward associations.
Published : 1998-04-01
Modified : 2016-04-21